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01.12.2016 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2016 Open Access

European Journal of Medical Research 1/2016

Serum prolactin as a biomarker for the study of intracerebral dopamine effect in adult patients with phenylketonuria: a cross-sectional monocentric study

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Medical Research > Ausgabe 1/2016
Autoren:
Eszter Juhász, Erika Kiss, Erika Simonova, Attila Patócs, Peter Reismann

Abstract

Background

It has been previously postulated that high phenylalanine (Phe) might disturb intracerebral dopamine production, which is the main regulator of prolactin secretion in the pituitary gland. Previously, various associations between Phe and hyperprolactinemia were revealed in studies performed in phenylketonuria (PKU) children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether any relation between serum phenylalanine and prolactin levels can be found in adult PKU patients.

Patients and methods

We conducted a cross-sectional, monocentric study including 158 adult patients (male n = 68, female n = 90) with PKU. All patients were diagnosed during newborn screening and were treated since birth. Serum Phe, tyrosine (Tyr), prolactin (PRL), and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels were measured, and Phe/Tyr ratio was calculated. Males and females were analyzed separately because the serum prolactin level is gender-dependent.

Results

No significant correlations were found between serum phenylalanine, tyrosine, or the Phe/Tyr ratio and serum prolactin level either in the male or in the female group.

Conclusions

In treated adult PKU patients, the serum prolactin level may not be significantly influenced by Phe or Tyr serum levels.
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