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05.02.2018 | Basic Science | Ausgabe 3/2018

Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 3/2018

Shifts in renin–angiotensin system components, angiogenesis, and oxidative stress-related protein expression in the lamina cribrosa region of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Zeitschrift:
Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 3/2018
Autoren:
Xiaobing Qian, Leilei Lin, Yao Zong, Yongguang Yuan, Yanmin Dong, Yue Fu, Wanwen Shao, Yujie Li, Qianying Gao

Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to analyse shifts in renin–angiotensin system (RAS) components, angiogenesis, and oxidative stress-related protein expression in the lamina cribrosa (LC) region in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice.

Methods

Six months after diabetes induction, the retinal vessels of male C57BL/6 J mice were observed by colour photography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and immunofluorescent staining following incubation with CD31. Immunofluorescence for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA),and NG2 was also performed. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 1 (ACE1), angiotensin II type I receptor (AT1R), renin, hypoxia-inducible factor 1-alpha (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and haeme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) expression levels were confirmed by immunohistochemical and western blotting analyses.

Results

Compared with control mice, diabetic mice had significantly higher blood glucose concentrations (p < 0.001) and significantly lower body weights (p < 0.001). Colour photography and FFA did not reveal any vessel abnormalities in the diabetic mice; however, immunostaining of whole-mount retinas revealed an increased number of retinal vessels. Furthermore, histopathological staining showed significant reduction in the whole retinal thickness. GFAP expression was slightly higher, whereas fewer NG2+ pericytes were observed in diabetic mice than in control mice. ACE1, AT1R, renin, HIF-1α, VEGF, VEGFR2, and HO-1 expression were up-regulated in the LC of the STZ-induced diabetic mice.

Conclusions

Collectively, ACE 1, AT1R, HIF-1α, VEGF, VEGFR2, and HO-1 activation in the LC region in diabetic mice may be involved in diabetes via the RAS and induction of angiogenesis and oxidative stress.

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Literatur
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