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19.05.2016 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2016 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 4/2016

Short follow-up evaluation of proximal femoral varus osteotomy for treatment of Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology > Ausgabe 4/2016
Mohamed Mansour Elzohairy



There are many methods of treating Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease, including operative and nonoperative methods. Femoral varus osteotomy is one of the surgical methods used to treat this disease, and it involves changing the alignment of the proximal femur to improve containment of the femoral epiphysis in the acetabulum. The aims of this study were to evaluate the results of femoral varus osteotomy for the treatment of Perthes disease according to various classification and grading schemes, as well as to compare the results to those obtained using other methods of treatment reported in the literature.

Materials and methods

Twenty-three patients with Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease were treated using a proximal femoral varus osteotomy procedure. The mean age of the patients was 7.8 years (range: 6–11.5 years). The average follow-up was 36.2 months (range: 29–48 months).


The patients were classified and graded according to the Catterall and Herring classifications. The preoperative and postoperative mean epiphyseal extrusion indices were as follows: group III (B), 10.88 % and 7.22 %, P = 0.027; group III (BC), 15.81 and 8.93 %, P = 0.005; group IV (C), 72.64 and 39.44 %, P = 0.018. The preoperative and the postoperative mean Wiberg’s CE angle were as follows: group III (B), 26.88° and 37.81°, P = 0.028; group III (BC), 24.4° and 32.2°, P = 0.005; group IV (C), 20.89° and 28.41°, P = 0.018. Changes in Iowa clinical hip scores were as follows: group III (B), 54.8 to 92.33, P = 0.027; group III (BC), 47.3 to 87.8, P = 0.005; group IV (C) 34.43 to 68.29, P = 0.017. In the last follow-up, the mean limb length discrepancy after plate removal was 0.9 cm (range: 0.0–2 cm) of shortening on the operated side. The author of the present study did not see any progressive change in this parameter during the follow-up period, especially after hardware removal and in the younger boys. All of the osteotomies united within 3 months without loss of fixation.


According to the results of the present study, proximal femoral varus osteotomy gives good results in children between the ages of 6 and 10 years without any femoral head deformity and flattening, especially with good containment in abduction.

Level of evidence

Level IV.
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