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Short-term outcomes and prognosis of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy in elderly patients with stomach cancer

Surgical Endoscopy
Dongliang Liu, Lichuan Liang, Liu Liu, Zhiqiang Zhu, Shaojun Liu, Lei Hu, Yiren He, Yu Fang, Xiao Wan
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The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00464-019-07338-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term outcomes and prognosis of laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LTG) in elderly patients with gastric cancer.


The clinical data of 275 patients aged over 65 years undergoing open total gastrectomy (OTG, n = 184) or laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LTG, n = 91) were reviewed from January 2015 to August 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of the University of Science and Technology of China. Short-term outcomes were compared between the two groups, and risk factors for postoperative complications were explored. In addition, the 2-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were investigated for both groups.


Except for the ASA score (P = 0.01), there was no significant difference regarding patient baselines between the two groups. Patients in the LTG group had a longer operative time (P < 0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.004), a shorter time of resumption to a semi-liquid diet (P < 0.001) and a shorter postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.001). The incidence of pulmonary complications was significantly lower in the LTG group than in the OTG group (4.4% vs. 13%, P = 0.026). The number of lymph nodes harvested in the LTG group was higher than that in the OTG group (20.7 ± 7.4 vs. 17.5 ± 6.9, P = 0.001), and the proportion of patients with TNM stage III gastric cancer was higher in the LTG group than in the OTG group (P = 0.035). There was no significant difference in the 2-year OS rate or 2-year DFS rate between the two groups (P = 0.057 and P = 0.344). Sex, age, preoperative comorbidity, intraoperative blood loss, and TNM stage were identified as independent prognostic factors for postoperative survival.


Comparing with OTG, LTG is feasible and contributes to less surgical trauma and a faster recovery after total gastrectomy. In addition, LTG contributes to a lower risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. Regarding oncological results, LTG is more effective for lymph node dissection and has a comparable long-term prognosis as OTG.

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