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29.03.2017 | Contrast Media | Ausgabe 10/2017

European Radiology 10/2017

Signal intensity change on unenhanced T1-weighted images in dentate nucleus and globus pallidus after multiple administrations of gadoxetate disodium: an intraindividual comparative study

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 10/2017
Autoren:
Giorgio Conte, Lorenzo Preda, Emilia Cocorocchio, Sara Raimondi, Caterina Giannitto, Marta Minotti, Francesca De Piano, Giuseppe Petralia, Pier Francesco Ferrucci, Massimo Bellomi

Abstract

Purpose

To investigate whether there is an increased signal intensity (SI) of dentate nucleus (DN) and globus pallidus (GP) on unenhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), in patients who had undergone multiple administrations of gadoxetate disodium.

Materials and methods

We retrospectevely included stage III melanoma patients, who had been previously enrolled in a trial of adjuvant therapy and who had undergone whole-body contrast-enhanced MRIs with gadoxetate disodium every three months for their follow-up. The SI ratios of DN-to-pons and GP-to-thalamus on unenhanced T1-weighted images were calculated. The difference in SI ratios between the first and the last MRI examinations was assessed and a linear mixed model was performed to detect how SI ratios varied with the number of administrations.

Results

Eighteen patients were included in our study. The number of gadoxetate disodium administrations ranged from 2 to 18. Paired t-test did not show any significant difference in DN-to-pons (p=0.21) and GP-to-thalamus (p=0.09) SI ratios by the end of the study. DN-to-pons SI ratio and GP-to-thalamus SI ratio did not significantly increase with increasing the number of administrations (p=0.14 and p=0.06, respectively).

Conclusion

Multiple administrations of gadoxetate disodium are not associated with increased SI in DN and GP in the brain.

Key Points

• Gadolinium may deposit in the human brain after multiple GBCA administrations.
• Gadolinium deposition is associated with increased T1W signal intensity
• Increase in signal intensity is most apparent within the DN and GP
• Multiple administrations of gadoxetate disodium do not increase T1W signal

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