Skip to main content
main-content

08.01.2018 | Interventional | Ausgabe 6/2018

European Radiology 6/2018

Significance of hyperechoic marks observed during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid nodules

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Brian H.H. Lang, Yu-Cho Woo, Keith Wan-Hang Chiu

Abstract

Objective

To examine the association between the appearance of hyperechoic marks (HEMs) during high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of benign thyroid nodules and nodule shrinkage at 6 months.

Methods

One hundred and thirty-six patients who underwent HIFU for benign thyroid nodule were analysed. An independent person carefully examined the B-mode ultrasonography screen for the appearance of HEMs after each pulse. The proportion of HEMs (%) was calculated by: [(Number of pulses that resulted in HEMs) / (Total number of pulses given per treatment) × 100] while the nodule shrinkage was measured by volume reduction ratio (VRR) = [Baseline volume–volume at 6 months]/[Baseline volume] * 100. Treatment success was defined as VRR ≥ 50 %.

Results

Patients with HEMs (n=91) had significantly greater 6-month VRR than those without HEMs (n=45) (65.76 % vs. 36.76 %, p<0.001). By regression analysis, after adjusting for age and energy per pulse, smaller nodule volume at baseline (OR 1.143, 95 % CI 1.038–1.256, p=0.006) and appearance of HEMs (OR 275.44, 95 % CI 26.63–2848.98, p<0.001) were independent predictors for treatment success.

Conclusions

The appearance of HEMs during treatment was an independent determinant of treatment success following single-session HIFU ablation of benign thyroid nodule.

Key Points

• HIFU is a safe and effective treatment for benign thyroid nodules.
• Lower BMI and greater applied power increase likelihood of hyperechoic marks.
• The appearance of hyperechoic marks during HIFU affects subsequent treatment outcome.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2018

European Radiology 6/2018 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Radiologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Radiologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Radiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise