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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2018

Significant bleeding from Meckel’s diverticulum after blunt abdominal trauma: a case report

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Sharfuddin Chowdhury, Abdullah Maher Alenazi, Yam Alwi Alharthi

Abstract

Background

Meckel’s diverticulum, with an incidence of 2%, is the most common congenital anomaly in the gastrointestinal tract. Its main complications are perforation, obstruction, and bleeding. A few studies have reported that blunt abdominal trauma may result in perforation or obstruction to Meckel’s diverticulum. However, reports of significant major intestinal bleeding from Meckel’s diverticulum as a complication of blunt abdominal trauma is rare. This paper present what we believe to be the first reported case of significant intestinal bleeding from a Meckel’s diverticulum following blunt abdominal trauma.

Case presentation

A 12-year-old Saudi boy of Arab ethnicity presented to the King Saud Medical City emergency department with bleeding per rectum and mild abdominal pain following blunt trauma to his abdomen. On examination, his abdomen was slightly tender, bowel sounds were present, and he was hemodynamically stable. During admission, rectal bleeding was ongoing. On day 3 he deteriorated with decreasing blood pressure and hemoglobin, and increasing pulse rate with fever. After resuscitation and stabilization, he was urgently taken to the operating room for further diagnostic management and treatment. His nasogastric tube revealed bile without blood, and an intraoperative colonoscopy revealed altered blood within his whole colon and terminal ileum without a definite bleeding site. A laparotomy was performed, and an injured branch of the mesenteric artery supplying the Meckel’s diverticulum was identified as the source of the significant arterial bleeding. Suture ligation controlled the bleeding, and the Meckel’s diverticulum was resected. The patient remained stable after that until discharge without any further intestinal bleeding.

Conclusion

Identifying bleeding as a complicated Meckel’s diverticulum following blunt trauma to the abdomen can be challenging due to its low incidence and difficulties while making the diagnosis.

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