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09.08.2015 | Ausgabe 4/2016

Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis 4/2016

Simplified PESI score and sex difference in prognosis of acute pulmonary embolism: a brief report from a real life study

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis > Ausgabe 4/2016
Autoren:
Luca Masotti, Grazia Panigada, Giancarlo Landini, Filippo Pieralli, Francesco Corradi, Salvatore Lenti, Rino Migliacci, Stefano Arrigucci, Anna Frullini, Maria Chiara Bertieri, Stefano Tatini, Alberto Fortini, Irene Cascinelli, Nicola Mumoli, Stefano Giuntoli, Alessandro De Palma, Veronica De Crescenzo, Michele Piacentini, Giancarlo Tintori, Alba Dainelli, Giuseppa Levantino, Plinio Fabiani, Filippo Risaliti, Roberta Mastriforti, Michele Voglino, Valentina Carli, Simone Meini
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s11239-015-1260-0) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
On behalf of TUSCAN-PE Study Investigators are listed in “Appendix”.

Abstract

Prognostic stratification of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) remains a challenge in clinical practice. Simplified PESI (sPESI) score is a practical validated score aimed to stratify 30-day mortality risk in acute PE. Whether prognostic value of sPESI score differs according to sex has not been previously investigated. Therefore the aim of our study was to provide information about it. Data records of 452 patients, 180 males (39.8 %) and 272 females (60.2 %) discharged for acute PE from Internal Medicine wards of Tuscany (Italy) were analysed. sPESI was retrospectively calculated. Variables enclosed in sPESI score, all cause in-hospital mortality and overall bleedings were compared between sexes. Moreover, predictive ability of sPESI score as prognosticator of all cause in-hospital mortality was tested and compared between sexes. sPESI score 0 (low risk) was found in 17.7 % of males and 13.6 % of females (p = 0.2323). We didn’t find significant difference in sPESI scoring distribution. Age ≥80 years (51.4 vs. 33.8 %, p = 0.0003) and heart rate ≥110 bpm (23.5 vs. 14.4 %, p = 0.0219) were found significantly more prevalent in females, whereas active cancer (23.8 vs. 39.4 %, p = 0.0004) and cardio-respiratory diseases (19.8 vs. 27.7 %, p = 0.0416) were in males. All cause in-hospital mortality was 0 % in both genders for sPESI score 0, whereas it was 5.4 % in females and 13.6 % in males with sPESI score 1–2 (p = 0.0208) and 22 % in females and 19.3 % in males with sPESI score ≥3 (p = 0.7776). Overall bleedings were significantly more frequent in females compared with males (4.77 vs. 0.55 %, p = 0.0189). In females overall bleedings ranged from 2.7 % in sPESI score 0 to 6 % in sPESI score ≥3. Predictive ability of sPESI score as prognosticator of all cause in-hospital mortality was higher in females compared to males (AUC 0.72 vs. 0.67, respectively). In real life different co-morbidity burdens in females compared to males. Females seems to be at lower risk of all cause in-hospital mortality for sPESI score ≤2 but at higher risk of bleeding, irrespective from sPESI scoring. Predictive ability of sPESI score seems better in females.

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