01.07.2010 | Ausgabe 7/2010
Single Port Access (SPA™) laparoscopic ventral hernia repair: initial report of 30 cases
- Erica R. Podolsky, Angela Mouhlas, Andrew S. Wu, Alexander E. Poor, Paul G. Curcillo II
Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair has been demonstrated to be an acceptable and successful technique. Aside from similar, albeit fewer, complications compared to open hernia repair, the laparoscopic technique has the additional complication of port site hernia to its follow-up criteria. Our initial experience with reduced port surgery in hernias was described as a two-port one-stitch repair technique in 2002. We initially applied our Single Port Access (SPA™) technique to ventral hernia repairs and reported it at the American Hernia Society meeting in 2008. Now we present the first 30 cases, some with 6–24-month follow-up.
The charts of 30 patients undergoing surgery for primary and recurrent ventral hernias employing the SPA technique were reviewed. The SPA technique was applied through a 1.0–1.6-cm incision remote from and lateral to the hernia location in the abdominal wall. Polypropylene-based coated mesh and non-fascial fixation were used in all cases.
All procedures were completed via the SPA technique. Operative time, length of stay, and estimated blood loss were acceptable. The size of mesh placed ranged from 81 to 500 cm2. Postoperative seromas were observed and all resolved spontaneously. There have been no wound infections or port site hernias during the 6–24-month follow-up period. There have been no recurrent hernias at the primary site.
We have successfully demonstrated the applicability of Single Port Access surgery for ventral hernia repair. In our initial series we performed this procedure on smaller hernias but have now begun applying it to larger repairs.