Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Dermatology 1/2015

Skin diseases in pediatric patients attending a tertiary dermatology hospital in Northern Tanzania: a cross-sectional study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Dermatology > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
Samson K. Kiprono, Julia W. Muchunu, John E. Masenga
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contribution

SKK and JWM conceived of the study and participated in data collection, interpretation and drafting of the manuscript. JEM conceived of the study, participated in data interpretation and critical review of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final draft of the manuscript.

Abstract

Background

Skin diseases affect 21–87 % of children in developing countries in Africa. However, the spectrum of the skin diseases varies from region to region due to several factors such as genetics, socioeconomic and environmental. The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of childhood skin diseases in Tanzania.

Methods

We conducted a prospective hospital- based cross-sectional study between September 2012 and August 2013 at a tertiary referral dermatology clinic. Children younger than 14 years presenting with new skin conditions were recruited. Diagnosis was mainly done clinically, but if the diagnosis was not clinically clear, further investigations were undertaken accordingly.

Results

A total of 340 patients were recruited of which 56 (16.5 %) had more than one skin condition. Both genders were equally affected. Infections and infestations accounted for the majority (43.5 %, n = 177) of the skin conditions followed by eczematous dermatitis (28.5 %, n = 116) and pigmentary disorders (7.4 %, n = 30). Among the 152 infectious skin diseases, fungal infections predominated (50.7 %, n = 77) in the infectious group followed by bacterial (29.6 %, n = 45), and viral (19.7 %, n = 30).

Conclusions

Skin infections are still the main cause of dermatological consultations in children although with a reduced prevalence. Inflammatory skin conditions are increasing and can be attributed to improved socioeconomic status and HIV pandemic.
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 1/2015

BMC Dermatology 1/2015 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Dermatologie

Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet

2015 | Buch

Selbstzahlerleistungen in der Dermatologie und der ästhetischen Medizin

Dieses Buch beschreibt über 50 sinnvolle Selbstzahlerleistungen der dermatologisch-ästhetischen Diagnostik und Therapie. Lernen Sie, wie Sie Ihr Praxisangebot mit bewährten und innovativen Methoden erfolgreich ausbauen, Ihre Umsätze steigern und die Wünsche Ihrer Patienten erfüllen.

Herausgeber:
Bernd Kardorff

2012 | Buch

Häufige Hauttumoren in der Praxis

Warzen, Nävi, Zysten, aktinische Keratosen, malignes Melanom – im ärztlichen Alltag begegnet man einer Vielzahl von Hauttumoren oder tumorartigen Hautveränderungen. Dieses Buch bietet übersichtliche Tabellen zur Schnellorientierung, prägnante Darstellung des klinischen Bildes und Tipps zur angemessenen Therapie.

Autoren:
Prof. Dr. med. habil. Sabine G. Plötz, Prof. Dr. med. Rüdiger Hein, Prof. Dr. med. Dr. phil. Johannes Ring

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Dermatologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise