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29.05.2018 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 11/2018

Clinical Research in Cardiology 11/2018

Sleep-disordered breathing in patients with cardiovascular diseases cannot be detected by ESS, STOP-BANG, and Berlin questionnaires

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Research in Cardiology > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Hannes Reuter, Simon Herkenrath, Marcel Treml, Marcel Halbach, Daniel Steven, Konrad Frank, Alessandra Castrogiovanni, Ilona Kietzmann, Stephan Baldus, Winfried J. Randerath

Abstract

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is highly prevalent in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and associated with poor outcome. At least 50% of heart failure (HF) patients present with SDB, equally divided in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA). CVD patients with SDB do not always present with typical SDB symptoms. Therefore, we asked whether established questionnaires allow for the reliable detection of SDB. In this prospective cohort study, 89 CVD patients (54 male, 59 ± 15 years, BMI 30 ± 6 kg/m2) in stable clinical state underwent an ambulatory polygraphy. SDB was defined as an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15/h. We evaluated the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), STOP-BANG and Berlin questionnaires as well as anthropometric data and comorbidities regarding their ability to predict SDB. The ESS showed no correlation with SDB. The sensitivity of the Berlin Questionnaire to detect SDB was 73%, specificity was 42%. The STOP-BANG questionnaire showed a sensitivity of 97% while specificity was 13%. Coronary heart disease and/or history of myocardial infarction, hyperuricemia and age significantly contributed to a logistic regression model predicting presence of SDB. However, our regression model explains only 36% of the variance regarding the presence or absence of SDB. The approach to find variables, which would allow an early and reliable differentiation between patients with CVD and coexistence or absence of SDB, failed. Thus, as CVD patients show a high SDB prevalence and poor outcome, only a systematic screening based on measures of respiration-related parameters (i.e., respiratory flow, blood oxygen saturation, etc.) allows for a reliable SDB assessment.

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