Skip to main content

20.07.2016 | Review | Ausgabe 3/2017

Surgical Endoscopy 3/2017

Sleeve gastrectomy and anti-reflux procedures

Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 3/2017
Christopher Crawford, Kyle Gibbens, Daniel Lomelin, Crystal Krause, Anton Simorov, Dmitry Oleynikov



Obesity is an epidemic in the USA that continues to grow, becoming a leading cause of premature avoidable death. Bariatric surgery has become an effective solution for obesity and its comorbidities, and one of the most commonly utilized procedures, the sleeve gastrectomy, can lead to an increase in gastroesophageal reflux following the operation. While these data are controversial, sometimes operative intervention can be necessary to provide durable relief for this problem.


We performed an extensive literature review examining the different methods of anti-reflux procedures that are available both before and after a sleeve gastrectomy.


We reviewed several different types of anti-reflux procedures, including those that supplement the lower esophageal sphincter anatomy, such as magnetic sphincter augmentation and radiofrequency ablation procedures. Re-operation was also discussed as a possible treatment of reflux in sleeve gastrectomy, especially if the original sleeve becomes dilated or if a conversion to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or biliopancreatic diversion is deemed necessary. Sleeve gastrectomy with concomitant anti-reflux procedure was also reviewed, including the anti-reflux gastroplasty, hiatal hernia repair, and limited fundoplication.


A number of techniques can be used to mitigate the severity of reflux, either by maintaining the normal anatomic structures that limit reflux or by supplementing these structures with a plication or gastroplasty. Individuals with existing severe reflux should not be considered for a sleeve gastrectomy. New techniques that incorporate plication at the time of the index sleeve gastrectomy show some improvement, but these are in small series that will need to be further evaluated. The only proven method of treating intractable reflux after sleeve gastrectomy is conversion to a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2017

Surgical Endoscopy 3/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.