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01.09.2009 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2009

Clinical Oral Investigations 3/2009

Smoking increases salivary arginase activity in patients with dental implants

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Oral Investigations > Ausgabe 3/2009
Autoren:
D. A. Queiroz, J. R. Cortelli, M. Holzhausen, E. Rodrigues, D. R. Aquino, W. A. Saad

Abstract

It is believed that an increased arginase activity may lead to less nitric oxide production, which consequently increases the susceptibility to bacterial infection. Considering the hypothesis that smoking may alter the arginase activity and that smoking is considered a risk factor to dental implant survival, the present study aimed at evaluating the effect of smoking on the salivary arginase activity of patients with dental implants. Salivary samples of 41 subjects were collected: ten non-smoking and with no dental implants (group A), ten non-smoking subjects with dental implants (group B), ten smoking subjects with implants (group C), and 11 smoking subjects with no dental implants (group D). The levels of salivary arginase activity were determined by the measurement of l-ornithine and expressed as mIU/mg of protein. A significant increase in the salivary arginase activity was verified in groups C (64.26 ± 16.95) and D (49.55 ± 10.01) compared to groups A (10.04 ± 1.95, p = 0.00001 and p = 0.0110, groups C and D, respectively) and B (11.77 ± 1.45, p = 0.00001 and p = 0.0147, groups C and D, respectively). No significant difference was found between groups C and D (p = 0.32). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that salivary arginase activity is increased in smoking subjects with dental implants in contrast to non-smoking subjects with dental implants, therefore suggesting a possible mechanism by which cigarette smoking may lead to implant failure. The analysis of salivary arginase activity may represent an important tool to prevent implant failure in the near future.

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