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12.04.2019 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 4/2019

Journal of Community Health 4/2019

Smoking Social Norms Among Young Adults in New York City

Journal of Community Health > Ausgabe 4/2019
Indira Debchoudhury, Pamela Ling, Rachel Sacks, Shannon M. Farley
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More than half of young adult (YA) (ages 18–26) smokers are non-daily smokers. While standard cessation methods are generally successful with adults and daily smokers, there is evidence that they are not as successful among non-daily smokers or young adults. Additionally, YA smokers are also in a transition period to regular smoking, making research on understanding how interpersonal and environmental factors affect this group of smokers critical. Randomized time location sampling was used to create a sample of New York City YA bar patrons between June and November 2013, who completed a self-administered survey (1,916 surveys). Questions were asked about perceived smoking social norms, stigma, behaviors, and demographics. Overall, almost half of the YA reported being current smokers (44.1%); one-third were non-daily smokers (36.7%) and less than ten percent were daily smokers (7.4%). Non-daily smokers compared with daily smokers had greater odds of believing New Yorkers disapproved of smoking [adjusted odds ratio (ORadj 1.76, 95 % CI 1.10–2.79)], keeping tobacco a secret from certain people (ORadj 1.84, 1.14–2.96) and feeling guilty when smoking (ORadj: 2.54; 1.45–4.45). Non-daily smokers had 41% lower odds of reporting how people who are important to you disapproved of smoking than daily smokers (ORadj: 0.59; 0.38–0.94). Further studies of interpersonal/environmental factors among YA smokers may support modifications to cessation programs that result in more successful YA quit attempts.

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