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Erschienen in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine 3/2007

01.06.2007

Socioeconomic Status and Health Behaviors in Adolescence: A Review of the Literature

verfasst von: Margaret D. Hanson, Edith Chen

Erschienen in: Journal of Behavioral Medicine | Ausgabe 3/2007

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Abstract

Objective

The goal of this review was to determine the direction of associations between SES and health behaviors during the period of adolescence.

Method

We searched the PsychInfo and Pubmed databases for studies that measured the association between SES and cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, marijuana use, diet, and physical activity in adolescents between 10- and 21-years old.

Results

Associations between SES and health behaviors conformed to two patterns. First, low SES was associated with poorer diets, less physical activity, and greater cigarette smoking. Second, there was no clear pattern of associations between SES and alcohol consumption or marijuana use.

Conclusion

Results from this review indicate that, although some associations between SES and health behaviors exist during adolescence, the associations are not as robust as those in adulthood. Efforts to curb poor diet, inactivity, and smoking behaviors should target low SES adolescents, whereas efforts to curb teen drinking and marijuana use may be useful across the SES spectrum.
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Metadaten
Titel
Socioeconomic Status and Health Behaviors in Adolescence: A Review of the Literature
verfasst von
Margaret D. Hanson
Edith Chen
Publikationsdatum
01.06.2007
Erschienen in
Journal of Behavioral Medicine / Ausgabe 3/2007
Print ISSN: 0160-7715
Elektronische ISSN: 1573-3521
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-007-9098-3

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