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01.12.2019 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2019 Open Access

BMC Ophthalmology 1/2019

Solar maculopathy: prognosis over one year follow up

Zeitschrift:
BMC Ophthalmology > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Marwa Mahmoud Abdellah, Engy Mohammed Mostafa, Mohamed Abdelatif Anber, Islam Saad El Saman, Mohammed Ezz Eldawla
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Abstract

Background

To document the visual acuity, spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) findings and prognosis in10 eyes of 6 patients with foveal damage from solar retinopathy in 1 year.

Methods

This was a prospective, observational case series of patients presented by solar maculopathy at Ophthalmology department, Sohag University. All patients underwent visual acuity (VA) testing, refraction, dilated fundus examination fluorescein angiography (FA) and SD-OCT (spectral Domain ocular coherence Tomography) imaging and follow up for 1 year.

Results

The mean age was 16.5 years (range 9–27 years, both eyes are affected in 4 patients. The mean spherical equivalent (SE) was – 0.25 ± 0.50 D.
The visual acuity of the affected eyes ranged from 0.4 to 0.9 on presentation. At presentation Significant foveal pathology was identified on SD-OCT in 10 eyes, All eyes showed disruption of the photoreceptor ellipsoid zone and the interdigitation zone on SD-OCT, Follow up of the cases continued for 1 year.100% of cases showed improvement in VA: 20% eyes regained 1, 50% eyes with VA of 0.9; two eyes 20% 0.8 and one eyes (10%) with 0.4. The improvement began after 1 week and reached its maximum and became stationary after the 6th month of follow up, the outer retinal hole persist in OCT in 80% of cases.

Conclusion

Solar maculopathy has a good prognosis yet shows no improvement after 6 months. Young age might pose as a risk factor.
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