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08.10.2018 | Original Article

Spatiotemporal parameters in sprinters with unilateral and bilateral transfemoral amputations and functional impairments

Zeitschrift:
European Journal of Applied Physiology
Autoren:
Hiroaki Hobara, Satoru Hashizume, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Yuta Namiki, Ralf Müller, Johannes Funken, Wolfgang Potthast
Wichtige Hinweise
Communicated by Jean-René Lacour.

Abstract

Purpose

Although sprinters with unilateral (UTF) and bilateral transfemoral (BTF) amputations and functional impairments (FIs) without amputation were allocated into different classifications because of the recent revision of the International Paralympic Committee Athletics Rules and Regulations, it is unclear whether running mechanics differ among the three groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences in the spatiotemporal parameters of the three groups during 100-m sprint in official competitions.

Methods

Using publicly available Internet broadcasts, we analyzed 11 elite-level sprinters with UTF amputation, 4 sprinters with BTF amputation, and 5 sprinters with FI without amputation. The best personal times for nearly all individuals were included. For each sprinter’s race, the average speed, step frequency, and step length were calculated using the number of steps in conjunction with the official race time.

Results

Although there were no significant differences in the average speed among the UTF, BTF, and FI groups (7.95 ± 0.22, 7.90 ± 0.42, and 7.93 ± 0.14 m/s, respectively, p = 0.87), those with BTF amputation showed significantly lower step frequency (UTF: 4.20 ± 0.20 Hz, BTF: 3.71 ± 0.32 Hz, FI: 4.20 ± 0.10 Hz, p < 0.05) and longer step length (UTF: 1.90 ± 0.08 m, BTF: 2.14 ± 0.02 m, FI: 1.89 ± 0.06 m, p < 0.05) than the other two groups.

Conclusion

These results suggest that the step characteristics during sprinting are not the same among sprinters with UTF amputation, BTF amputations, or FI without amputations.

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