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01.12.2017 | Case Report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

World Journal of Surgical Oncology 1/2017

Splenosis with lower gastrointestinal bleeding mimicking colonical gastrointestinal stromal tumour

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Surgical Oncology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Shuo-meng Xiao, Rui Xu, Xiao-li Tang, Zhi Ding, Ji-man Li, Xiang Zhou

Abstract

Background

Splenosis refers to the heterotopic transplantation of splenic tissue following splenic trauma or splenectomy. Splenosis is typically asymptomatic and is often identified incidentally.

Case presentation

We report a case of splenosis with colon and stomach invasion presenting as lower gastrointestinal bleeding and mimicking colonic gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST). The importance of suspicion for splenosis in patients with a history of splenic injury should be highlighted. Computed tomography (CT)-guided biopsy, nuclear scintigraphy and ferumoxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can support an accurate diagnosis.

Conclusions

An accurate diagnosis of splenosis is important to avoid unnecessary operations, especially in patients with previous histories of splenic trauma or splenectomy.
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