18.09.2017 | Handsurgery | Ausgabe 11/2017
Stabilization of scaphoid type B2 fractures with one or two headless compression screws
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
- S. Quadlbauer, T. Beer, Ch. Pezzei, J. Jurkowitsch, A. Tichy, T. Hausner, M. Leixnering
Fractures of the scaphoid account for the most commonly injured carpal bone. Minimally displaced fractures of the waist will heal in 85–90% when using a below elbow cast. However, fractures with displacement have a higher risk for nonunion. Therefore, open reduction and fixation with headless compression screws (HCS) have become the preferred method of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome of unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures, stabilized using one or two headless compression screws.
Patients and methods
A total of 47 unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures were included in this retrospective follow-up study. Twelve patients were not accessable and three refused to attend follow-up checks. Therefore, a total of 32 patients were included in this study with a mean follow-up interval of 43 (12–81) months. Twenty-two patients were treated using one HCS and ten with two HCS. Clinical assessment included range of motion (ROM), pain according to the visual analogue scale (VAS), grip strength, Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Score, Patient-Rated Wrist Evaluation Score, Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire and modified Green O'Brien Wrist Score. The follow-up study on each patient included a CT-Scan of the wrist which was analyzed for union, osteoarthritis, dorsiflexed intercalated segment instability and humpback deformity.
Radiologically, 29/32 (91%) of the scaphoid B2 type fractures showed union, 10/10 (100%) in the two HCS group and 19/22 (86%) in the one HCS group (p < 0.05). No significant differences could be found in respect to ROM, grip strength, VAS and scores between the groups. Screw removal was necessary in two patients in the two HCS group and one in the one HCS group.
The unstable B2 type fractures of the scaphoid, when using two HCS without bone grafting is a safe method, shows a significantly higher union rate and equal clinical outcome compared to stabilization using only one HCS.