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01.02.2013 | Grand Rounds | Ausgabe 2/2013

European Spine Journal 2/2013

Staged corrective surgery for complex adolescent kyphoscoliosis caused by back scalding during the childhood period

Zeitschrift:
European Spine Journal > Ausgabe 2/2013
Autoren:
Hui-Ren Tao, Hua Hui, Shu-Zhong Guo, Li-Ze Xiong, Zheng-Xu Ye, Ming Yan, Zhuo-Jing Luo
Wichtige Hinweise
H.-R. Tao and H. Hui contributed equally to this work and should be considered as co-first authors.

Abstract

Introduction

Adolescent scar contracture kyphoscoliosis is a very rare disease.

Methods and Results

Here, we present the case of a 21-year-old man who was scalded due to ebullient water when he was 10 years old. Moreover, kyphoscoliosis was found when he was 12 years old and developed rapidly. Thereafter, no management was proposed before his consultation at our center. On examination, kyphoscoliosis was detected in thoracolumbar, the trunk deviated to the right on standing view, extensive contractured scar presented on the right side of the back, abdomen, chest wall, hip, right thighs and armpit anterior, especially in the right flank. A one-stage correction was deemed too risky, we therefore released contractured scar during the first stage with the defect of soft tissue protected by vaccum sealing drainage and then performed skeletal traction with halo and bilateral femoral pins. A reasonable correction was achieved without any neurological deficits 1 month after traction. Next, a second-stage operation was taken to translate a free anterolateral thigh myocutaneous flap to overlay the extensive defect of soft tissue. 1.5 months later, a third posterior segmental pedicle screw instrumented fusion with Smith-Peterson osteotomy between T9 and L2 was performed. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and as there were no complications, he was discharged 10 days after the third surgery. At 2-year follow-up the patient’s outcome is excellent with balance and correction of the deformity.

Conclusion

Based this grand round case and relevant literature, we discuss the different options for the treatment of adolescent scar contracture scoliosis.

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