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17.05.2019 | Report Open Access

Stromal organization as predictive biomarker for the treatment of colon cancer with adjuvant bevacizumab; a post-hoc analysis of the AVANT trial

Zeitschrift:
Cellular Oncology
Autoren:
Stéphanie Zunder, Priscilla van der Wilk, Hans Gelderblom, Tim Dekker, Christoph Mancao, Anna Kiialainen, Hein Putter, Rob Tollenaar, Wilma Mesker
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

Intra-tumoral stroma has become increasingly important in understanding tumor biology, tumor progression and clinical outcome. The amount itself, quantified as the tumor-stroma ratio (TSR), has proven to be prognostic in stage I-III colon cancer. Also, alterations in stromal organization have been found to provide prognostic and predictive information in certain cancers. Here, we evaluated the predictive value of stromal organization in high-risk stage II and III colon cancer with respect to adjuvant bevacizumab and chemotherapy.

Methods

In a post-hoc analysis, stromal organization was microscopically determined in hematoxylin and eosin-stained primary tumor tissue samples of 1226 patients enrolled in the AVANT trial.

Results

We found that patients with tumors with a disorganized stroma showed different survival rates after the addition of bevacizumab compared to standard oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy regimens. However, overall this difference was not significant with a HR of 0.94 (95% CI 0.57–1.55; p = 0.80) for disease-free survival (DFS) and 1.01 (95% CI 0.51–1.99; p = 0.99) for overall survival (OS). Subgroup analysis, however, revealed that stromal organization combined with TSR allowed the identification of stroma-high patients with absolute cumulative survival benefits up to 15% when bevacizumab was added to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy regimens.

Conclusions

In high-risk stage II and stage III colon cancer, we found that subgroup analysis of the combined parameters stromal organization and TSR allows for the identification of patients with absolute cumulative DFS and OS benefits of up to 15%, when adding bevacizumab to the currently recommended oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy. Stromal organization itself does, however, not serve as an independent prognostic or predictive parameter.

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Literatur
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