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16.05.2019 | Original Article

Submental intubation versus tracheostomy in maxillofacial fractures

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Autoren:
Tarek Abdelzaher Emara, Mohammad Waheed El-Anwar, Tharwat Abdelzaher Omara, Ahmed Anany, Islam Abdelrahman Elawa, Mohamed Mohamed Rabea
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Abstract

Objective

To compare submental intubation with tracheostomy in patients with maxillofacial fractures who were operated under general anesthesia and nasotracheal intubation was contraindicated.

Patients and methods

This prospective comparative study was conducted on 32 patients undergoing maxillofacial operations. All patients had a panfacial trauma (including naso-ethmoid orbital fracture combined with mandibular fracture). Patients who had unstable cervical vertebra, laryngeal trauma, urgent tracheostomy, and patients with expected prolonged postoperative ventilation were excluded from the study. Patients were randomly assigned to elective tracheostomy and submental intubation groups. The patients were evaluated according to the time required to do elective tracheostomy or submental intubation, the operation comorbidity and complications, and the postoperative scar.

Results

The average time required to do submental intubation was 8.35 min versus 30.75 min required to do elective tracheostomy with significant difference (p < 0.0001). No complication was reported with submental intubation while in elective tracheostomy group, surgical emphysema was registered in two patients. The submental scar was acceptable in all patients while the tracheostomy scar needs scar revision in four cases (p = 0.0325).

Conclusion

Submental endotracheal intubation appeared to be a simple, safe, and significantly faster reliable alternative to tracheostomy during surgical reconstruction of selected cases of maxillofacial fractures without indication for prolonged postoperative ventilation support with significantly lower morbidity.

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