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28.01.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2020

World Journal of Urology 11/2020

Substantial radiation dose reduction with consistent image quality using a novel low-dose stone composition protocol

Zeitschrift:
World Journal of Urology > Ausgabe 11/2020
Autoren:
Georg Apfaltrer, Anja Dutschke, Pascal A. T. Baltzer, Christian Schestak, Mehmet Özsoy, Christian Seitz, Julian Veser, Elisabeth Petter, Thomas H. Helbich, Helmut Ringl, Paul Apfaltrer
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Abstract

Purpose

To assess a novel low-dose CT-protocol, combining a 150 kV spectral filtration unenhanced protocol (Sn150 kVp) and a stone-targeted dual-energy CT (DECT) in patients with urolithiasis.

Methods

232 (151 male, 49 ± 16.4 years) patients with urolithiasis received a low-dose non-contrast enhanced CT (NCCT) for suspected urinary stones either on a third-generation dual-source CT system (DSCT) using Sn150 kVp (n = 116, group 1), or on a second-generation DSCT (n = 116 group 2) using single energy (SE) 120 kVp. For group 1, a subsequent dual-energy CT (DECT) with a short stone-targeted scan range was performed. Objective and subjective image qualities were assessed. Radiation metrics were compared.

Results

534 stones (group 1: n = 242 stones; group 2: n = 292 stones) were found. In group 1, all 215 stones within the stone-targeted DECT-scan range were identified. DE analysis was able to distinguish between UA and non-UA calculi in all collected stones. 11 calculi (5.12%) were labeled as uric acid (UA) while 204 (94.88%) were labeled as non-UA calculi. There was no significant difference in overall Signal-to-noise-ratio between group 1 and group 2 (p = 0.819). On subjective analysis both protocols achieved a median Likert rating of 2 (p = 0.171). Mean effective dose was significantly lower for combined Sn150 kVp and stone-targeted DECT (3.34 ± 1.84 mSv) compared to single energy 120 kVp NCCT (4.45 ± 2.89 mSv) (p < 0.001), equaling a 24.9% dose reduction.

Conclusion

The evaluated novel low-dose stone composition protocol allows substantial radiation dose reduction with consistent high diagnostic image quality.

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