Skip to main content

06.01.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2020

Techniques in Coloproctology 2/2020

Subtotal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for slow transit constipation: clinical follow-up at median of 15 years

Techniques in Coloproctology > Ausgabe 2/2020
V. Patton, V. Balakrishnan, C. Pieri, P. Doherty, K. C. Phan-Thien, D. W. King, D. Z. Lubowski
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.



Slow transit constipation is characterised by prolonged colonic transit and reliance on laxatives. The pathophysiology is poorly understood and in its most severe form, total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis is the final treatment option. We present a follow-up study of the long-term function in patients who had surgery for laxative-resistant slow transit constipation.


A postal survey was sent to assess bowel frequency, abdominal pain, St Mark’s continence score, satisfaction with procedure, likelihood to choose the procedure again, and long-term rates of small bowel obstruction and ileostomy. Longitudinal data from a subgroup studied 23 years previously are reported.


Forty-two patients (male = 2) were available for follow-up out of an initial cohort of 102. Mean time since surgery was 15.9 years (range 1.7–29.7) years. Fifty percent had < 4 bowel motions per day, most commonly Bristol stool 6, mean St Mark’s score 7.45. Twenty-one percent had severe incontinence. Satisfaction and likelihood to choose surgery were high (median 10/10). There was a high rate of small bowel obstruction, suggesting pan-intestinal dysmotility in some cases. Conversion to ileostomy occurred in 8 patients. In the longitudinal follow-up in 15 subjects, continence deteriorated (p < 0.01), stool consistency softened (p < 0.01), and stool frequency fell (p < 0.01).


Satisfactory stool frequency was achieved in the long term, and although 21% had incontinence scores > 12, patient satisfaction was high. This is the longest reported follow-up of colectomy for slow transit constipation, with longitudinal outcomes reported. There was considerable attrition of patients, so larger, longitudinal studies are required to better ascertain the functional outcomes of these patients.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2020

Techniques in Coloproctology 2/2020 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.