01.12.2007 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2007
Successful direct intervention for osteoporosis in patients with minimal trauma fractures
- I. Kuo, C. Ong, L. Simmons, D. Bliuc, J. Eisman, J. Center
In this study, we offered osteoporosis investigation and treatment directly to patients at out-patient fracture clinics shortly after they sustained minimal trauma fractures. We achieved long-term compliance to the recommended investigation and treatment in 80% of patients. This approach is much more successful than previous interventions.
Osteoporosis remains under-treated in minimal-trauma fracture subjects. The aim of this study was to determine if direct intervention at orthopaedic fracture clinics would improve post-fracture management in these subjects.
From March 2004 to March 2006, 155 consecutive minimal-trauma fracture subjects (mean age 64.0 ± 17.6) attending fracture clinics at St. Vincent’s Hospital, Sydney, had a specific medical assessment, following which they were recommended BMD and laboratory testing. Treatment recommendations were given after review of investigations with further follow-up at a median of 8.6 months following therapy. Comparison of outcomes was made with a similar group of patients given written information 2 years prior.
At baseline, 47% of patients had prior fractures, but only 26% had had BMD screening. Twenty-one percent were on anti-resorptive therapy, and 15% were on calcium/vitamin D. Following intervention, 83% had a BMD and of these, 68% had a T-score < −1.0. Of treatment naïve patients, 44% were recommended anti-resorptive therapy and 56% were recommended calcium/vitamin D. Compliance was 80% for anti-resorptive and 76% for calcium/vitamin D. Female gender and lower BMD were predictors of compliance.
Compared with information-based intervention, direct intervention improved management two to fivefold, maintaining long-term treatment in 90% of osteoporotic and 73% of osteopenic subjects requiring therapy.