Skip to main content
main-content

01.12.2014 | Original Article – Clinical Oncology | Ausgabe 12/2014

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2014

Superior vena cava syndrome caused by a malignant tumor: a retrospective single-center analysis of 124 cases

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology > Ausgabe 12/2014
Autoren:
Karin Hohloch, Nick Bertram, Lorenz Trümper, Tim Beissbarth, Frank Griesinger

Abstract

Purpose

Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) results from compression of the superior vena cava. SVCS is an emergency requiring immediate diagnosis and treatment. We hypothesized that the outcome of patients (pts.) admitted during regular work hours may differ from that of pts. admitted on weekends.

Methods

From 1992 to 2011, we analyzed all pts. admitted with SVCS due to a malignancy. Clinical outcome was analyzed, focusing on the work-up of pts. hospitalized on a weekend compared with those hospitalized during the week.

Results

One hundred and twenty-four pts. with malignant causes of SVCS were analyzed. Causes were as follows: small cell lung cancer (SCLC) 28.2 %, non-small cell lung cancer 25 %, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 25 %, metastasis of other malignant tumors 19.4 % and Hodgkin’s disease 2.4 %. Sixty-five percent of pts. were admitted during the week and 35 % on a weekend. Sixty-one percent received chemotherapy, 24 % radiation, 4 % radiochemotherapy, 9 % palliative treatment and 2 % no treatment at all. No difference in choice of treatment between pts. admitted on a weekday versus weekend was seen. Response was as follows: 7 pts. complete remission, 20 pts. partial response, 38 pts. progressive disease, 3 pts. NC and 15 pts. died. Overall response rate was as follows: Hodgkin’s disease 100 %, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma 29 %, SCLC 22.8 %, non-small cell lung cancer 9.6 % and metastatic cancer 16.6 %. Only 2 of the 34 pts. with relapsing carcinoma responded. None of the pts. died due to SVCS.

Conclusion

The outcome of pts. with SVCS is not dependent on the day of admission (weekend or weekday) but is related to underlying disease in the setting of a tertiary care center.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2014

Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Onkologie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Onkologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise