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17.08.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2018

European Spine Journal 4/2018

Surgical complications of extraspinal tumors in the cervical spine: a report of 110 cases and literature review

European Spine Journal > Ausgabe 4/2018
WenHua Yang, Liang Jiang, XiaoGuang Liu, Feng Wei, Miao Yu, FengLiang Wu, Lei Dang, Hua Zhou, Hua Zhang, ZhongJun Liu
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s00586-017-5259-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.



To assess the safety of surgical intervention for extraspinal tumors in the cervical spine.


110 consecutive patients were enrolled and followed-up at least 12 months or until death. The complication rates and risk factors were documented and analyzed.


The quality of life in the surviving patients was significantly improved. The overall local recurrence rate was 17.3%. Twenty percent of patients developed distant metastasis. The perioperative mortality rate (30 days after surgery) was 0.9%. The complication related mortality was 1.8%. The rates of overall complication and major complication were 41.8% and 20.9%, respectively. The independent predictors for overall complications were Karnofsky score <60, multisegmental resection, and operation time >3 h. The independent predictors of major complications were comorbidity, tumor location at C1–C2, and combined approach.


Surgery for cervical spine tumor could improve the quality of life, though it might be accompanied with high morbidity and mortality. It is a highly demanding procedure; however, it can be performed to an acceptable degree of safety.

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