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01.01.2014 | Clinical Research | Ausgabe 1/2014

Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® 1/2014

Surgical Hip Dislocation for Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement: Factors Predicting 5-year Survivorship

Zeitschrift:
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research® > Ausgabe 1/2014
Autoren:
MD Simon D. Steppacher, MD, MSC Carmen Huemmer, MD Joseph M. Schwab, MD Moritz Tannast, MD Klaus A. Siebenrock
Wichtige Hinweise
One or more of the authors have received funding from the Deutsche Arthrose-Hilfe e.V. (SDS) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (MT).
All ICMJE Conflict of Interest Forms for authors and Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research editors and board members are on file with the publication and can be viewed on request.
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research neither advocates nor endorses the use of any treatment, drug, or device. Readers are encouraged to always seek additional information, including FDA-approval status, of any drug or device prior to clinical use.
Each author certifies that his or her institution has approved the human protocol for this investigation and that all investigations were conducted in conformity with ethical principles of research.
An erratum to this article can be found at http://​dx.​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s11999-013-3414-8.

Abstract

Background

Patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) often develop pain, impaired function, and progression of osteoarthritis (OA); this is commonly treated using surgical hip dislocation, femoral neck and acetabular rim osteoplasty, and labral reattachment. However, results with these approaches, in particular risk factors for OA progression and conversion to THA, have varied.

Questions/purposes

We asked if patients undergoing surgical hip dislocation with labral reattachment to treat FAI experienced (1) improved hip pain and function; and (2) prevention of OA progression; we then determined (3) the survival of the hip at 5-year followup with the end points defined as the need for conversion to THA, progression of OA by at least one Tönnis grade, and/or a Merle d’Aubigné-Postel score less than 15; and calculated (4) factors predicting these end points.

Methods

Between July 2001 and March 2003, we performed 146 of these procedures in 121 patients. After excluding 35 patients (37 hips) who had prior open surgery and 11 patients (12 hips) who had a diagnosis of Perthes disease, this study evaluated the 75 patients (97 hips, 66% of the procedures we performed during that time) who had a mean followup of 6 years (range, 5–7 years). We used the anterior impingement test to assess pain, the Merle d’Aubigné-Postel score to assess function, and the Tönnis grade to assess OA. Survival and predictive factors were calculated using the method of Kaplan and Meier and Cox regression, respectively.

Results

The proportion of patients with anterior impingement decreased from 95% to 17% (p < 0.001); the Merle d’Aubigné-Postel score improved from a mean of 15 to 17 (p < 0.001). Seven hips (7%) showed progression of OA and another seven hips (7%) converted to THA Survival free from any end point (THA, progression of OA, or a Merle d’Aubigné-Postel < 15) of well-functioning joints at 5 years was 91%; and excessive acetabular rim trimming, preoperative OA, increased age at operation, and weight were predictive factors for the end points.

Conclusions

At 5-year followup, 91% of patients with FAI treated with surgical hip dislocation, osteoplasty, and labral reattachment showed no THA, progression of OA, or an insufficient clinical result, but excessive acetabular trimming, OA, increased age, and weight were associated with early failure. To prevent early deterioration of the joint, excessive rim trimming or trimming of borderline dysplastic hips has to be avoided.

Level of Evidence

Level IV, therapeutic study. See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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