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21.09.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2018

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 4/2018

Surgical management of oral submucous fibrosis using buccal fat pad: a retrospective study of 30 cases

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery > Ausgabe 4/2018
Autoren:
Himanshu Thukral, Sanjay Kumar Roy Chowdhury, Shakil Ahmed Nagori

Abstract

The aim of our study was to evaluate the effectiveness of buccal fat pad (BFP) in the management of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). Retrospective records of 30 patients of OSMF treated with BFP with atleast a year of follow-up were analyzed. Patients were divided into groups based on the stages of OSMF. Surgical management consisted of resection of fibrous bands, bilateral temporalis myotomy, and coronoidectomy followed by grafting with BFP. There were 17 patients of stage III (mouth opening 16–25 mm) and 13 patients of stage IV OSMF (mouth opening less than 16 mm). The mean mouth opening of stage III group pre-operatively was 19.94 ± 2.19 mm which increased to a mean of 35.12 ± 5.69 mm (p < 0.0001). For patients with stage IV OSMF, the mouth opening increased from a pre-operative of 10.23 ± 4.07 mm to a post-operative of 31.46 ± 6.78 mm (p < 0.0001). No intra-operative complications were noted in any patient. Relapse was seen in 1 patient (5.8%) of stage III while 3 patients (23.07%) had relapse in stage IV group. Our results indicate that BFP is a good flap owing to its benefits which are easy to harvest and entails minimal morbidity for management of OSMF.

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