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15.07.2016 | Ausgabe 3/2017

Surgical Endoscopy 3/2017

Surgical safety and oncological completeness of robotic thyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma larger than 2 cm

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 3/2017
Autoren:
Young Jun Chai, Hyunsuk Suh, Jung-Woo Woo, Hyeong Won Yu, Ra-Yeong Song, Hyungju Kwon, Kyu Eun Lee
Wichtige Hinweise
Young Jun Chai and Hyunsuk Suh have contributed equally to this study as co-first authors.

Abstract

Background

The safety of robotic thyroidectomy (RT) for small-sized thyroid carcinomas has been well established. The surgical outcomes of bilateral axillo-breast approach RT for thyroid carcinomas larger than 2 cm were evaluated and compared with those of open thyroidectomy (OT).

Methods

The medical records of patients who underwent total thyroidectomy or hemithyroidectomy followed by completion thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinomas measuring 2–4 cm were retrospectively reviewed.

Results

The study included 86 patients who underwent RT (n = 21) or OT (n = 65) with mean ages of 30.8 and 51.6 years, respectively. The mean tumor size was 2.8 cm in both groups. There were no significant differences between the RT and OT groups in vocal cord palsy rate (transient, 19.0 vs. 9.2 %; permanent, 0 vs. 1.5 %), postoperative hypoparathyroidism rate (transient, 19.0 vs. 33.8 %; permanent, 4.8 vs. 1.5 %), and the number of retrieved central lymph nodes in papillary thyroid carcinoma patients (6.4 ± 3.5 vs. 6.1 ± 3.9, respectively). The proportion of the patients with serum stimulated thyroglobulin level of <1.0 ng/ml at the initial radioactive iodine treatment was 64.7 % (11/17) for RT group and 66.0 % (35/53) for OT group (p = 0.920). There were three patients (1 RT and 2 OT) who had a biochemical incomplete response, and there was no case of anatomical recurrence or mortality during the median follow-up period of 40.2 months.

Conclusion

RT is a safe and oncologically sound treatment option for differentiated thyroid carcinomas measuring 2–4 cm in a selected group of patients. The role of RT should be evaluated in correlation with technological advances and increased experience.

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