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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Women's Health 1/2018

Surmounting difficulties to provide home based neonatal care – reflections of community health workers

Zeitschrift:
BMC Women's Health > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Anagha Anand Mahajani
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi: https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12905-018-0511-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

In India, community health workers’ (CHW) effectiveness in providing home-based neonatal care (HBNC) has been well documented. The nature of challenges faced and strategies adopted while providing HBNC services need to be studied in-depth.

Methods

A qualitative study to understand the challenges faced and strategies used by Sakhis (women CHW) while providing services as part of a HBNC program implemented by a non-profit organization. Data consisted of 20 in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions (FGD) with Sakhis.

Results

Sakhis negotiated with the community to start working as a CHW. They faced challenges while changing behaviors at individual level and also while bringing about a change in harmful normative practices that increased chances of maternal and neonatal mortality. Managing crises at the time of deliveries and facilitating a safe delivery was the most critical challenge faced by many Sakhis.
The key strategies used by Sakhis included: proactively and persistently providing services even when they faced resistance from the woman or her family; evolving contextually suitable counseling techniques and tactics to bring about behavioral change; balancing compliance to traditional practices and promoting HBNC; defying traditional practices and assisting the woman in times of an emergency to save lives. Having on-call support from supervisors and cultivating a good working relationship with health providers facilitated effective service provision by Sakhis.

Conclusion

CHWs having a strong sense of commitment can develop strategies to address challenges and provide HBNC services effectively if they also have strong supervisory support.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Guide for interview and discussion with Sakhis. (DOCX 14 kb)
12905_2018_511_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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