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29.05.2018 | Clinical trial | Ausgabe 2/2018

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2/2018

Syntenin1/MDA-9 (SDCBP) induces immune evasion in triple-negative breast cancer by upregulating PD-L1

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Jing Liu, Yanfang Yang, Hongwei Wang, Bin Wang, Kaili Zhao, Wenna Jiang, Weiwei Bai, Jun Liu, Jian Yin
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10549-018-4833-8) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Jing Liu, Yanfang Yang, Hongwei Wang and Bin Wang shared co-first authorship.

Abstract

Purpose

Syntenin1/SDCBP (syndecan binding protein), also known as melanoma differentiation associated gene-9 (MDA-9), is a PDZ domain-containing molecule, which was initially identified as a key oncogene in melanoma. However, the role of syntenin1 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), especially in suppression of antitumour immune response, remains unknown.

Methods and Results

One hundred TNBC tissues were obtained after radical resection and used for analysis. High syntenin1 expression was associated with increased tumour size (r = 0.421, P < 0.001), presence of lymph node metastasis (r = 0.221, P = 0.044) and poor overall survival (P = 0.01) and recurrence-free survival (P = 0.007). Syntenin1 overexpression significantly promoted 4T1 tumour growth and lung metastasis in BALB/c mice by affecting CD8+ T cells. Western blot and flow cytometry analyses demonstrated that syntenin1 induced CD8+ T cell apoptosis in vitro and in vivo through upregulating PD-L1. Western blot demonstrated that syntenin1 upregulated PD-L1 expression by inducing Tyr705 stat3 phosphorylation, which was further confirmed by stat3 inhibition study. The correlation between syntenin1 and PD-L1 was further confirmed using tumour tissues derived from patients with TNBC (r = 0.509, P < 0.001). Efficacy studies indicated that 4T1-scramble tumour benefitted from anti-PD-L1 therapy (P < 0.001); however, 4T1-syntenin1-KD demonstrated no response to anti-PD-L1 treatment (P = 0.076).

Conclusions

Syntenin1 exhibits a profound function in mediating T cells apoptosis by upregulating PD-L1 and thus could be used as a prognostic biomarker of TNBC. Tumoural syntenin1 expression corelated with anti-PD-L1 treatment efficacy. Targeting syntenin1-mediated T-cell suppression could be a potential strategy for improving the prognosis of patients with TNBC.

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