Skip to main content
main-content

08.10.2019 | Original Article

Systematic review of spinal deformities following multi-level selective dorsal rhizotomy

Zeitschrift:
Child's Nervous System
Autoren:
Matthew Wheelwright, Paige J Selvey, Paul Steinbok, Ash Singhal, George Ibrahim, Aria Fallah, Alexander G Weil, Kyle Halvorson, Albert Tu
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher’s note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Purpose

Cerebral palsy is a common neurological disorder that involves spasticity of the extremities and can lead to lifelong disability. Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) can improve spasticity and quality of life in these patients, but it may be associated with the development of spinal deformity. Risk factors for spinal deformity after SDR have not yet been systematically examined.

Methods

Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were queried for clinical studies reporting incidence of new or worsening spinal deformity, including scoliosis, after SDR. Variables that represent possible risk factors for deformity were correlated with reported incidence of deformity.

Results

Twenty-two articles for a total of 1485 patients met the inclusion criteria for this study. Deformity occurs among all patients with a weighted mean incidence of 28.0%. Scoliosis appears to be the most common deformity occurring with a weighted mean incidence of 31.6%. There is substantial heterogeneity between studies, limiting our analysis. Significant positive correlation was found between percent of patients that developed any type of deformity and the ratio of female to male patients, p = 0.02. Significant positive correlation was also found between percent of patients that develop scoliosis and the ratio of female to male patients, p < 0.01, and between scoliosis and the number of years to follow-up, p < 0.01.

Conclusion

Spinal deformity is an important potential complication of SDR with scoliosis being the most common type of deformity. The major risk factor for postoperative deformity is female sex. Deformity was also found to significantly increase with extended follow-up, indicating a slow process that should be carefully monitored.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel
  1. Sie können e.Med Neurologie & Psychiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Neurologie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  3. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise