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12.02.2019 | Preclinical study Open Access

Systemic treatment and radiotherapy, breast cancer subtypes, and survival after long-term clinical follow-up

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Autoren:
Sherry X. Yang, Eric C. Polley
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s10549-019-05142-x) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Background

It remains unclear whether breast cancer subtypes are associated with clinical outcome in patients without any treatment including systemic and radiation therapy as an independent entity. Understanding the survival profiles among subtypes by treatment status could impact optimal selection of treatments.

Methods

Patients were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer from the community hospitals across four geographical regions of the United States. Expression of hormone receptor (HR) and HER2 in tumor specimens from 1169 patients was centrally determined by immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ; breast cancer was classified into HR+/HER2, HR+/HER2+, triple-negative, and HER2+ subtypes. Overall survival (OS) at a median follow-up of about 15 years among subtypes in untreated patients and those with systemic treatments and radiotherapy was analyzed by Kaplan–Meier method and multivariable analysis adjusting for age, tumor size and grade, number of positive nodes, stage and breast cancer subtypes.

Results

Without treatment, breast cancer subtypes were not associated with OS (P = 0.983) and remained insignificant for prognosis by multivariable analysis after adjusting for confounders. This contrasted with a significant survival difference across the subtypes in patients with conventional therapies (P < 0.0001). Compared with HR+/HER2 subtype, triple-negative subtype (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.11–2.04; P = 0.009) and HER2+ subtype (HR 2.18, 95% CI 1.48–3.28; P = 0.0001) were significantly associated with worse survival by multivariable analyses.

Conclusion

Breast cancer subtypes are not associated with survival in untreated patient population and, in contrast, significantly associated with prognosis in patients with conventional therapy. The data provide evidence of treatment-associated differential outcomes among breast cancer subtypes.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1. Additional file 1: Table S1 Age and clinicopathologic variables at diagnosis among breast cancer subtype by treatment. (DOCX 20 KB)
10549_2019_5142_MOESM1_ESM.docx
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