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08.04.2018

T wave positivity in lead aVR is associated with mortality in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Autoren:
Yahya Kemal İçen, Yurdaer Dönmez, Hasan Koca, Mehmet Uğurlu, Mevlüt Koç

Abstract

Purpose

Positive T wave polarity in lead aVR (TPaVR) is associated with a poor prognostic indicator in patients with heart failure reduce ejection fraction (HFrEF). Our aim was to investigate the relationship between positive TPaVR and mortality in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D).

Methods

We included retrospectively 224 HFrEF patients with CRT-D in sinus rhythm. Laboratory, electrocardiographic (ECG), and echocardiographic data were recorded. T wave polarity was measured in lead DI, DII, and aVR from surface ECG.

Results

The patients were divided as living and deceased. They followed for 2.5 ± 0.9 years. Thirty-three patients (14.7%) died. Six patients (18.2%) were TPaVR positive before CRT-D and this number increased to 22 (66.6%) after CRT-D in the deceased group. Pulse (p = 0.049), hyperlipidemia (p = 0.022), and NT-proBNP levels were higher in the deceased group (p = 0.001). TPaVR before CRT-D (p < 0.001) and TPaVR after CRT-D (p < 0.001) were significantly positive in the deceased group. Positive TPaVR after CRT-D was the only independent predictor for mortality in binominal logistic regression analysis (OR 1.211, 95% CI 1.105–1.328, p < 0.001).

Conclusions

In CRT-D patients, a positive TPaVR in surface ECG may be a strong mortality indicator.

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