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Erschienen in: International Journal of Colorectal Disease 7/2022

25.06.2022 | Original Article

Tailored concept for the plastic closure of pelvic defects resulting from extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) or pelvic exenteration

verfasst von: Julia Jackisch, Thomas Jackisch, Joerg Roessler, Anja Sims, Holger Nitzsche, Pia Mann, Sören Torge Mees, Sigmar Stelzner

Erschienen in: International Journal of Colorectal Disease | Ausgabe 7/2022

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Abstract

Purpose

No standard exists for reconstruction after extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) and pelvic exenteration. We propose a tailored concept with the use of bilateral gluteal V–Y advancement flaps in non-extended ELAPE and with vertical myocutaneous rectus abdominis muscle (VRAM) flaps in extended procedures. This retrospective study analyzes the feasibility of this concept.

Patients and methods

We retrieved all consecutive patients after ELAPE or pelvic exenteration for rectal, anal, or vulva cancer with flap repair from a prospective database. Perineal wound complications were defined as the primary endpoint. Outcomes for the two different flap reconstructions were analyzed.

Results

From 2005 to 2021, we identified 107 patients who met the study criteria. Four patients underwent exenteration with VRAM flap repair after previous V–Y flap fashioning. Therefore, we report on 75 V–Y and 36 VRAM flaps. The V–Y group contained more rectal carcinomas, and the VRAM group exhibited more patients with recurrent cancer, more multivisceral resections, and longer operation times. Perineal wound complications occurred in 21.3% in the V–Y group and in 36.1% in the VRAM group (p = 0.097). Adjusted odds ratio for perineal wound complication was not significantly different for the two flap types.

Conclusion

Concerning perineal wound complications, our concept yields favorable results for V–Y flap closure indicating that this less invasive approach is sufficient for non-extended ELAPE. Advantages are a shorter operation time, less donor site morbidity, and the option of a second repair. VRAM flaps were reserved for larger wounds after pelvic exenteration or vaginal repair.
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Metadaten
Titel
Tailored concept for the plastic closure of pelvic defects resulting from extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) or pelvic exenteration
verfasst von
Julia Jackisch
Thomas Jackisch
Joerg Roessler
Anja Sims
Holger Nitzsche
Pia Mann
Sören Torge Mees
Sigmar Stelzner
Publikationsdatum
25.06.2022
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
International Journal of Colorectal Disease / Ausgabe 7/2022
Print ISSN: 0179-1958
Elektronische ISSN: 1432-1262
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00384-022-04196-6

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 7/2022

International Journal of Colorectal Disease 7/2022 Zur Ausgabe

Ist die Spülung bei Bohrlochtrepanation verzichtbar?

19.06.2024 Subduralhämatom Nachrichten

Wird ein chronisches Subduralhämatom per Bohrlochtrepanation entfernt, scheint eine subdurale Ausspülung mehr Vor- als Nachteile zu haben. Das legen Ergebnisse einer finnischen Studie nahe.

Was eine zu kleine Klappe für die Langzeitprognose bedeutet

18.06.2024 Aortenklappenersatz Nachrichten

Stellt sich nach der Implantation eines biologischen Aortenklappenersatzes die Prothese als zu klein für den Patienten heraus, hat das offenbar nur geringe Auswirkungen auf Langzeitüberleben und Reoperationsrisiko; zumindest solange die effektive Öffnungsfläche über 0,65 cm2/m2 liegt.

Antibiotika nach Appendektomie: Ist kürzer besser?

18.06.2024 Appendizitis Nachrichten

Nach einer Appendektomie wegen komplizierter Appendizitis scheint eine maximal dreitägige Antibiotikabehandlung hinreichend vor Komplikationen wie intraabdominellen Abszessen und Wundinfektionen zu schützen.

TAVI bei kleinem Aortenklappenanulus: Es gibt noch ungeklärte Fragen

13.06.2024 TAVI Nachrichten

Zwischen selbstexpandierenden und ballonexpandierbaren TAVI-Klappen scheinen bezüglich der Klappenfunktion bei Aortenstenose und kleinem Aortenklappenanulus Unterschiede zu bestehen. Aber sind die überhaupt von klinischer Relevanz? Eine neue Studie liefert dazu Informationen.

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S3-Leitlinie „Diagnostik und Therapie des Karpaltunnelsyndroms“

Karpaltunnelsyndrom BDC Leitlinien Webinare
CME: 2 Punkte

Das Karpaltunnelsyndrom ist die häufigste Kompressionsneuropathie peripherer Nerven. Obwohl die Anamnese mit dem nächtlichen Einschlafen der Hand (Brachialgia parästhetica nocturna) sehr typisch ist, ist eine klinisch-neurologische Untersuchung und Elektroneurografie in manchen Fällen auch eine Neurosonografie erforderlich. Im Anfangsstadium sind konservative Maßnahmen (Handgelenksschiene, Ergotherapie) empfehlenswert. Bei nicht Ansprechen der konservativen Therapie oder Auftreten von neurologischen Ausfällen ist eine Dekompression des N. medianus am Karpaltunnel indiziert.

Prof. Dr. med. Gregor Antoniadis
Berufsverband der Deutschen Chirurgie e.V.

S2e-Leitlinie „Distale Radiusfraktur“

Radiusfraktur BDC Leitlinien Webinare
CME: 2 Punkte

Das Webinar beschäftigt sich mit Fragen und Antworten zu Diagnostik und Klassifikation sowie Möglichkeiten des Ausschlusses von Zusatzverletzungen. Die Referenten erläutern, welche Frakturen konservativ behandelt werden können und wie. Das Webinar beantwortet die Frage nach aktuellen operativen Therapiekonzepten: Welcher Zugang, welches Osteosynthesematerial? Auf was muss bei der Nachbehandlung der distalen Radiusfraktur geachtet werden?

PD Dr. med. Oliver Pieske
Dr. med. Benjamin Meyknecht
Berufsverband der Deutschen Chirurgie e.V.

S1-Leitlinie „Empfehlungen zur Therapie der akuten Appendizitis bei Erwachsenen“

Appendizitis BDC Leitlinien Webinare
CME: 2 Punkte

Inhalte des Webinars zur S1-Leitlinie „Empfehlungen zur Therapie der akuten Appendizitis bei Erwachsenen“ sind die Darstellung des Projektes und des Erstellungswegs zur S1-Leitlinie, die Erläuterung der klinischen Relevanz der Klassifikation EAES 2015, die wissenschaftliche Begründung der wichtigsten Empfehlungen und die Darstellung stadiengerechter Therapieoptionen.

Dr. med. Mihailo Andric
Berufsverband der Deutschen Chirurgie e.V.