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06.08.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 4/2018

International Cancer Conference Journal 4/2018

Tamoxifen withdrawal in women with progressive metastatic breast cancer: a case series of six patients

Zeitschrift:
International Cancer Conference Journal > Ausgabe 4/2018
Autoren:
Kanako Hagio, Motoi Baba, Naoko Ishida, Tomohiro Oshino, Risa Kasahara, Miyako Nara, Hiroko Yamashita

Abstract

Estrogen receptor (ER)-positive metastatic breast cancers after a period of response to tamoxifen develop resistance, and the disease progresses clinically. Domination of partial agonistic activity of tamoxifen over its antagonist activity has been implicated as one of the mechanisms for acquired tamoxifen resistance. Six patients with ER-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer who were treated with tamoxifen withdrawal were retrospectively reviewed. Three patients were premenopausal and three were postmenopausal at the beginning of this treatment. Three patients had stage IV disease and three had recurrent breast cancers with median disease-free intervals of 153 months. The treatment lines of tamoxifen therapy were first-line in two, second-line in two, and third-line in one patient. One patient had relapsed during adjuvant tamoxifen therapy. The median duration of tamoxifen therapy was 16 months. The metastatic disease sites at the time of tamoxifen withdrawal were lymph nodes in six, bone in three, chest wall in one, lung in two, pleura in one, and liver in one patient. The median duration of tamoxifen withdrawal was 6.5 months (range 5–> 23 months). Five of six patients had clinical benefits with tamoxifen withdrawal: partial response in one, long stable disease (SD) in four, and SD in one patient. Five patients were treated with aromatase inhibitors after tamoxifen withdrawal. Two patients had metastatic lymph nodes examined by multi-gene panel testing, and both of their tumors had the AKT1 E17K somatic mutation. One patient also had a BRCA1 germline mutation. Tamoxifen withdrawal at the time of tumor progression while on treatment might be an important treatment option, especially for women with highly endocrine-responsive disease.

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