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01.12.2018 | Primary Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Cancer Cell International 1/2018

Targeted delivery of immuno-RNase may improve cancer therapy

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Cell International > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Miaonan Sun, Liankun Sun, Dejun Sun, Chunmei Zhang, Mei Li

Abstract

Background

Immunotoxins are typical therapeutic drugs that can target cancer cells. They exploit the affinity of specific monoclonal antibodies or ligands to cancer cells to deliver a conjugated protein toxin to target sites, thus, attacking the cancer cells.

Methods

The immuno-RNase, Onc-V3, showed the stability of Onc-V3 in the blood stream. Flow cytometry showed that apoptosis occurred in the HO-8910PM cells when treated with Onc-V3. Under the confocal microscope, the green fluorescent, FITC-Onc-V3, were located in the cytoplasm, suggesting that Onc-V3 had a function in the cytoplasm of cancer cells. Moreover, after staining by DAPI, the blue fluorescent nuclei showed shrinkage and grainy. Wound healing assay showed that high concentrations of Onc-V3 inhibited cell migration and the transwell invasion assay showed that Onc-V3 could inhibit cell invasion to the basement membrane. Western blot results showed significantly decreased PARP, procaspase-9, and procaspase-3 in Onc-V3-induced apoptosis.

Results

These results of the experiments in vitro had shown that the Onc-V3 could be delivered to the cancer cells accurately and it had strong cytotoxicity on high metastatic cancer cells.

Conclusion

The specific toxicity of Onc-V3 on highly metastatic cancer cells can make it a promising anti-cancer drug by using V3 to target delivery of Onconase.
Literatur
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