01.12.2013 | Original Article
Temporary vascular shunts
D. V. Feliciano, A. Subramanian
European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery
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Temporary vascular shunts have been used for nearly 100 years in patients. Originally, they were used as vascular grafts that were likely to thrombose as collaterals would hopefully develop. More recently, they have been used as a device to be replaced by a permanent vascular graft during the same operation or at a reoperation. Indications for the use of shunts are a “damage control” procedure for a peripheral or truncal vascular injury, Gustilo IIIC fracture of an extremity, need for perfusion as a complex revascularization is performed, and planned replantation of a hand, forearm, or arm. They are used in approximately 8% of vascular injuries treated in urban trauma centers in the United States and have an excellent patency rate without heparinization.