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13.02.2019 | Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine | Ausgabe 6/2019

Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 6/2019

The ACL-deficient knee and the prevalence of meniscus and cartilage lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis (CRD42017076897)

Zeitschrift:
Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery > Ausgabe 6/2019
Autoren:
Julian Mehl, Alexander Otto, Joshua B. Baldino, Andrea Achtnich, Ralph Akoto, Andreas B. Imhoff, Sven Scheffler, Wolf Petersen
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Introduction

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to analyze and compare the rate of secondary meniscus and cartilage lesions diagnosed at different time points of ACL reconstruction.

Materials and methods

A systematic search for articles comparing the rate of secondary meniscus and cartilage lesions diagnosed at different time points of ACL reconstruction was performed. PubMed central was the database used for the literature review.

Results

Forty articles out of 1836 were included. In 35 trials (88%), there was evidence of a positive correlation between the rate of meniscus and/or cartilage lesions and the time since ACL injury. This correlation was more evident for the medial meniscus in comparison with the lateral meniscus. In particular, a delay of more than 6 months was critical for secondary medial meniscus injuries [risk ratio 0.58 (95% CI 0.44–0.79)] and a delay of more than 12 months was critical for cartilage injuries [risk ratio 0.42 (95% CI 0.29–0.59)]. Additionally, there is evidence that the chance for meniscal repair decreases as the time since ACL rupture increases.

Conclusion

Chronic instability in the ACL-deficient knee is associated with a significant increase of medial meniscus injuries after 6 months followed by a significant increase of cartilage lesions after 12 months.

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