Skip to main content
Erschienen in:

01.08.2014 | Beiträge zum Themenschwerpunkt

The challenges posed by climate change to successful ageing

verfasst von: A. Wanka, A. Arnberger, B. Allex, R. Eder, H.-P. Hutter, P. Wallner

Erschienen in: Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie | Ausgabe 6/2014

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Ever since the 2003 heat wave that caused 70,000 heat deaths, the dramatic consequences of climate change and rising temperatures in Europe have become an intensively researched topic. During heat waves, the older urban adult population is at highest risk. The STOPHOT project is the first investigation in Austria to establish a comprehensive knowledge base on heat perception, awareness of heat risks and adaptive/coping behaviours among older adults. The main research questions include: (1) Does climate change endanger the chances of successful ageing in urban areas? (2) How do age, social inequalities and the living environment intersect with environmental stressors in affecting successful ageing? (3) Which heat adaption strategies do older adults deploy and to what extent can they mediate heat stress in an effort to increase chances of successful ageing under the conditions of climate change? The results indicate that climate change and rising temperatures are in fact one important determinant of whether and how an older person can maintain well-being in later life. Older adults (> 65 years) with a low socio-economic status and poor health conditions, who tend to be socially isolated, are most at risk. However, no ‘heat island effect’ of the residential environment could be found. How much a person suffers from heat stress is highly dependent on the adaption strategies deployed. Adaption strategies of older urban residents mostly centred on body-related measures, such as drinking more or wearing lighter clothes, and indoor-centred measures, particularly avoiding the outdoors.
Fußnoten
1
The basis for the identification of the urban heat islands was a thermal map of Vienna showing the temperature differences in the city.
 
2
http://www.sf-36.org/tools/sf8.shtml.
 
3
Based on the items: fainting, anxiety, headache, dizziness, breathing problems, exhaustion, sleeping problems, fatigue.
 
4
Educational attainment was categorised in reference to the UNESCO’s International Standardised Classification of Education (ISCED), 1997 version, ranging from level 0 to 6. Level 0 indicates pre-primary education as highest educational attainment, level 1 indicates primary education, level 2 lower secondary education, level 3 upper secondary education, level 4 post-secondary, non-tertiary education, level 5 first stage of tertiary education and level 6 second stage of tertiary education.
 
5
Three summarising scores were constructed to resemble heat-coping strategies, depending on whether coping activities mainly involved the indoors, the outdoors or the body. Indoor measures [9]: close curtains, close windows during daytime, sleep, move little outdoors, turn the air-conditioner on, turn the fan on, stay in cooler rooms indoors, conduct activities early or late in the day, stay indoors; outdoor measures [3]: go swimming, go to cooler places outdoors, go outdoors; body measures [5]: wear lighter clothes, increase liquid intake, eat more soup/drink mineral water, take a cold shower, rinse forearms with cold water.
 
Literatur
1.
Zurück zum Zitat Abrahamson V, Wolf J, Lorenzoni I et al (2009) Perceptions of heatwave risks to health: interview-based study of older adults in London and Norwich, UK. J Public Health 31:119–126CrossRef Abrahamson V, Wolf J, Lorenzoni I et al (2009) Perceptions of heatwave risks to health: interview-based study of older adults in London and Norwich, UK. J Public Health 31:119–126CrossRef
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Arnberger A, Eder R (2011) The influence of age on recreational trail preferences of urban green-space visitors: a discrete choice experiment with digitally calibrated images. J Environ Plan Manage 54(7):891–908CrossRef Arnberger A, Eder R (2011) The influence of age on recreational trail preferences of urban green-space visitors: a discrete choice experiment with digitally calibrated images. J Environ Plan Manage 54(7):891–908CrossRef
3.
Zurück zum Zitat Baltes PB (1997) On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny: selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory. Am Psychol 52:366–380PubMedCrossRef Baltes PB (1997) On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny: selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory. Am Psychol 52:366–380PubMedCrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Bittner MI, Stößel U (2012) Gefährdung älterer Menschen durch Hitzewellen in exponierten Städten. Public Health Forum 20(75):25–27CrossRef Bittner MI, Stößel U (2012) Gefährdung älterer Menschen durch Hitzewellen in exponierten Städten. Public Health Forum 20(75):25–27CrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali L, Knight TM, Pullin AS (2010) Urban greening to cool towns and cities: a systematic review of the empirical evidence. Landscape Urban Plan 97:147–155CrossRef Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali L, Knight TM, Pullin AS (2010) Urban greening to cool towns and cities: a systematic review of the empirical evidence. Landscape Urban Plan 97:147–155CrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) Heat-related deaths—four states, July–August 2001, and United States, 1979–1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 51:567–570 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2002) Heat-related deaths—four states, July–August 2001, and United States, 1979–1999. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 51:567–570
7.
Zurück zum Zitat Cosco TD, Prina MA, Perales J et al (2014) Operational definitions of successful aging: a systematic review. Int Psychogeriatr 26(3):373–381PubMedCrossRef Cosco TD, Prina MA, Perales J et al (2014) Operational definitions of successful aging: a systematic review. Int Psychogeriatr 26(3):373–381PubMedCrossRef
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Czachs Ch, Reinwald F, Damyanovic D et al (2013) Urban heat islands—strategy plan Vienna. In: Schrenk M et al (eds) Proceedings REAL CORP 2013. Planning Times, pp 1037–1044 Czachs Ch, Reinwald F, Damyanovic D et al (2013) Urban heat islands—strategy plan Vienna. In: Schrenk M et al (eds) Proceedings REAL CORP 2013. Planning Times, pp 1037–1044
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Environmental Protection Agency, United States (EPA). http://www.epa.gov/ Environmental Protection Agency, United States (EPA). http://​www.​epa.​gov/​
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Fouillet A, Rey G, Wagner V et al (2008) Has the impact of heat waves on mortality changed in France since the European heat wave of summer 2003? A study of the 2006 heat wave. Int J Epidemiol 37(2):309–317PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef Fouillet A, Rey G, Wagner V et al (2008) Has the impact of heat waves on mortality changed in France since the European heat wave of summer 2003? A study of the 2006 heat wave. Int J Epidemiol 37(2):309–317PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRef
11.
Zurück zum Zitat Gabriel K, Endlicher W (2011) Urban and rural mortality during heat waves in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany. Environ Pollut 159:2044–2050PubMedCrossRef Gabriel K, Endlicher W (2011) Urban and rural mortality during heat waves in Berlin and Brandenburg, Germany. Environ Pollut 159:2044–2050PubMedCrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Hémon D, Jougla E (2004) The heat wave in France in August 2003. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 52:3–5PubMedCrossRef Hémon D, Jougla E (2004) The heat wave in France in August 2003. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 52:3–5PubMedCrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat IPCC (2007) Summary for policymakers. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge IPCC (2007) Summary for policymakers. In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
14.
Zurück zum Zitat Jendritzky G, Bucher K, Lachewski G et al (1998) Medizinische Klimatologie. Kap. 4.7 Klimaänderungen. In: Gutenbrunner C, Hildebrandt G (eds) Handbuch der Balneologie und medizinischen Klimatologie. Springer, Berlin, pp 589–598 Jendritzky G, Bucher K, Lachewski G et al (1998) Medizinische Klimatologie. Kap. 4.7 Klimaänderungen. In: Gutenbrunner C, Hildebrandt G (eds) Handbuch der Balneologie und medizinischen Klimatologie. Springer, Berlin, pp 589–598
15.
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Kalkstein AJ, Sheridan SC (2007) The social impacts of the heat-health watch/warning system in Phoenix, Arizona: assessing the perceived risk and response of the public. Int J Biometeorol 52:43–55PubMedCrossRef Kalkstein AJ, Sheridan SC (2007) The social impacts of the heat-health watch/warning system in Phoenix, Arizona: assessing the perceived risk and response of the public. Int J Biometeorol 52:43–55PubMedCrossRef
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Kenney WL, Munce TA (2003) Invited review: aging and human temperature regulation. J Appl Physiol 95(6):2598–2603PubMed Kenney WL, Munce TA (2003) Invited review: aging and human temperature regulation. J Appl Physiol 95(6):2598–2603PubMed
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Klinenberg E (2002) Heat wave: a social autopsy of disaster in Chicago. University of Chicago Press, Chicago Klinenberg E (2002) Heat wave: a social autopsy of disaster in Chicago. University of Chicago Press, Chicago
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Lawton MP, Nahemow L (1973) Ecology and the aging process. In: Eisdorfer C, Lawton MP (eds) The psychology of adult development and aging. American Psychological Association, Washington, pp 619–674 Lawton MP, Nahemow L (1973) Ecology and the aging process. In: Eisdorfer C, Lawton MP (eds) The psychology of adult development and aging. American Psychological Association, Washington, pp 619–674
20.
Zurück zum Zitat Lui C-W, Everingham J-A, Warburton J et al (2009) What makes a community age-friendly: a review of international literature. Australas J Ageing 28(3):116–121PubMedCrossRef Lui C-W, Everingham J-A, Warburton J et al (2009) What makes a community age-friendly: a review of international literature. Australas J Ageing 28(3):116–121PubMedCrossRef
21.
Zurück zum Zitat Oke TR (1987) Boundary layer climates, 2nd edn. Methuen, London Oke TR (1987) Boundary layer climates, 2nd edn. Methuen, London
22.
Zurück zum Zitat O’Neill MS, Carter R, Kish JK et al (2009) Preventing heat-related morbidity and mortality: new approaches in a changing climate. Maturitas 64:98–103CrossRef O’Neill MS, Carter R, Kish JK et al (2009) Preventing heat-related morbidity and mortality: new approaches in a changing climate. Maturitas 64:98–103CrossRef
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Robine J-M et al (2008) Death toll exceeded 70,000 in Europe during summer of 2003. C R Biol 331(2):171–178PubMedCrossRef Robine J-M et al (2008) Death toll exceeded 70,000 in Europe during summer of 2003. C R Biol 331(2):171–178PubMedCrossRef
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Rossen LM, Pollack KM (2012) Making the connection between zoning and health disparities. Environ Justice 5(3):119–127CrossRef Rossen LM, Pollack KM (2012) Making the connection between zoning and health disparities. Environ Justice 5(3):119–127CrossRef
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Sampson NR, Gronlund CJ, Buxton MA et al (2013) Staying cool in a changing climate: reaching vulnerable populations during heat events. Glob Environ Change 23:475–484CrossRef Sampson NR, Gronlund CJ, Buxton MA et al (2013) Staying cool in a changing climate: reaching vulnerable populations during heat events. Glob Environ Change 23:475–484CrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Sugiyama T, Ward Thompson C (2008) Associations between characteristics of neighbourhood open space and older adults’s walking. Urban For Urban Green 7:41–51CrossRef Sugiyama T, Ward Thompson C (2008) Associations between characteristics of neighbourhood open space and older adults’s walking. Urban For Urban Green 7:41–51CrossRef
28.
Zurück zum Zitat Wahl H-W, Weisman G (2003) Environmental gerontology at the beginning of the new millennium: reflections on its historical, empirical and theoretical development. Gerontologist 43(5):616–627PubMedCrossRef Wahl H-W, Weisman G (2003) Environmental gerontology at the beginning of the new millennium: reflections on its historical, empirical and theoretical development. Gerontologist 43(5):616–627PubMedCrossRef
29.
Zurück zum Zitat White-Newsome JL, Sanchez BN, Parker EA et al (2011) Assessing heat-adaptive behaviors among older, urban-dwelling adults. Maturitas 70:85–91PubMedCrossRef White-Newsome JL, Sanchez BN, Parker EA et al (2011) Assessing heat-adaptive behaviors among older, urban-dwelling adults. Maturitas 70:85–91PubMedCrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
The challenges posed by climate change to successful ageing
verfasst von
A. Wanka
A. Arnberger
B. Allex
R. Eder
H.-P. Hutter
P. Wallner
Publikationsdatum
01.08.2014
Verlag
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Erschienen in
Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie / Ausgabe 6/2014
Print ISSN: 0948-6704
Elektronische ISSN: 1435-1269
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00391-014-0674-1

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2014

Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 6/2014 Zur Ausgabe

Mitteilungen der DGGG

Mitteilungen der DGGG

Mitteilungen der ÖGGG

Mitteilungen der ÖGGG

Mitteilungen der DGG

Mitteilungen der DGG

Leitlinien kompakt für die Innere Medizin

Mit medbee Pocketcards sicher entscheiden.

Seit 2022 gehört die medbee GmbH zum Springer Medizin Verlag

Neu im Fachgebiet Innere Medizin

Aggressive Blutdrucksenkung bei Risikopersonen?

12.07.2024 Arterielle Hypertonie Nachrichten

Geht es nach einer aktuellen chinesischen Studie, ist die Einstellung des systolischen Blutdrucks bei Risikopersonen auf Werte unter 120 mmHg mit weniger kardiovaskulären Ereignissen assoziiert als die Senkung auf Werte unter 140 mmHg.

Was das Überwachen von Risikopersonen für Pankreaskrebs bringt

12.07.2024 Pankreaskarzinom Nachrichten

Programme zur Überwachung von Hochrisikokandidaten für duktales Adenokarzinom des Pankreas führen womöglich zu früherer Diagnose. Ob sich das auch in einem Überlebensvorteil niederschlägt, hat eine Studie getestet.

Ältere Männer mit kutaner Vaskulitis? Das könnte VEXAS sein

12.07.2024 VEXAS-Syndrom Nachrichten

Hautmanifestationen wie eine leukozytoklastische Vaskulitis oder eine neutrophile Dermatose sind oft die ersten und auffälligsten Zeichen eines VEXAS-Syndroms. Dermatologen kommt daher eine entscheidende Bedeutung bei der Diagnose der seltenen Krankheit zu.

Mehr Komplikationen beim akuten Koronarsyndrom ohne klassische Risikofaktoren

11.07.2024 Akutes Koronarsyndrom Nachrichten

Ein steigender Anteil von Personen mit akutem Koronarsyndrom (ACS) weist keine modifizierbaren Risikofaktoren auf. Wie sich das auf die Prognose auswirkt, wurde anhand eines australischen PCI-Registers untersucht. 

Update Innere Medizin

Bestellen Sie unseren Fach-Newsletter und bleiben Sie gut informiert.