07.08.2020 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2021
The clinical characteristics and outcomes of heart failure patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease from the Japanese community-based registry
Heart and Vessels
- Kensuke Takabayashi, Yuka Terasaki, Miyuki Okuda, Osamu Nakajima, Hitoshi Koito, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Shouji Kitaguchi, Ryuji Nohara
Both heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are common diseases, but few studies have assessed the relationship between COPD and outcomes in patients with acute HF, especially in relation to age or ejection fraction (EF). The Kitakawachi Clinical Background and Outcome of Heart Failure Registry was a prospective, multicenter, community-based cohort and enrolled a total of 1,102 patients with acute HF between 2015 and 2017 in this study. The primary endpoint was defined as a composite endpoint that included all-cause mortality and hospitalization for HF. We stratified patients into two groups: those aged ≥ 80 years (elderly) and < 80 years (nonelderly). HF with preserved EF (HFpEF) was defined as EF ≥ 50%, whereas HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) was defined as EF < 50%. A total of 159 patients (14.4%) with COPD and 943 patients (83.6%) without COPD were included. COPD was found to be independently associated with a higher risk of the composite endpoint (adjusted hazard ratio: 1.42, 95% confidence interval: 1.14–1.77; p = 0.003). During a subgroup analysis, COPD was exposed as an independent risk factor of the composite endpoint in nonelderly patients; however, there was not such a finding observed among elderly patients. Separately, there was a significant association with COPD and the composite endpoint in patients with HFpEF. COPD showed a significantly higher risk of the composite endpoint after discharge in acute HF. However, this heightened risk was observable only in the subgroup of nonelderly patients and those of HFpEF.