Skip to main content
main-content

25.05.2019 | Original Article | Ausgabe 12/2019

General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 12/2019

The clinical characteristics and surgical results of smoking-related young pneumothorax

Zeitschrift:
General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery > Ausgabe 12/2019
Autoren:
Kenji Tsuboshima, Yasumi Matoba, Teppei Wakahara, Takahiro Uchida, Shigeharu Moriyama
Wichtige Hinweise

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Abstract

Objective

Primary spontaneous pneumothorax is a common disease that develops in relatively young healthy patients. Although smoking is generally believed to have a negative effect on the lungs, some authors reported that smokers with primary spontaneous pneumothorax had significantly lower postoperative recurrence rates than nonsmokers. This unexpected result suggests that primary spontaneous pneumothorax is classified into two categories: smoking-related young pneumothorax and residual primary spontaneous pneumothorax. We compared these two categories to determine their characteristics and corresponding surgical results.

Methods

Between January 2009 and December 2018, we enrolled 267 consecutive cases that underwent first surgery for primary spontaneous pneumothorax in our hospital. A total of 252 eligible cases (211 residual primary spontaneous pneumothorax and 41 smoking-related young pneumothorax) underwent evaluation. Smoking-related young pneumothorax cases were defined as cases with characteristic HRCT findings and smoking habit.

Results

The mean ages for the residual primary spontaneous pneumothorax and smoking-related young pneumothorax groups were 25.9 ± 13.1 and 30.5 ± 6.9 years, respectively. The groups included 186 (88.2%) and 41 (100.0%) men, and the mean body mass indices were 19.1 ± 2.2 and 20.0 ± 1.9, respectively. Fifty-nine (28.0%) and 41 (100.0%) subjects were smokers, and there were 43 (20.4%) and 1 (2.4%) cases of postoperative recurrence, respectively. These results were significantly different between the two groups.

Conclusions

Individuals with smoking-related young pneumothorax were older, predominantly men, and had higher body mass index and significantly lower postoperative recurrence rates than those with residual primary spontaneous pneumothorax.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 12/2019

General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 12/2019 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.