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11.10.2018 | KNEE | Ausgabe 2/2019

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2/2019

The concomitant lateral meniscus injury increased the pivot shift in the anterior cruciate ligament-injured knee

Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy > Ausgabe 2/2019
Yuichi Hoshino, Nobuaki Miyaji, Kyohei Nishida, Yuichiro Nishizawa, Daisuke Araki, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Kenichiro Kakutani, Takehiko Matsushita, Ryosuke Kuroda
Wichtige Hinweise
This work was presented as a poster at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine annual meeting 2017, Toronto.



Concomitant meniscus injuries in the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) have been suggested to exacerbate rotational laxity. However, the effect is supposed to be so small, if any, that some quantitative pivot-shift measurement is needed. The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the effect of meniscus tear on rotational laxity in ACL-deficient knees by an quantitative measurement. It was hypothesized that a concomitant meniscus tear, especially a lateral one, would induce greater pivot shift.


Fifty-seven unilateral ACL-injured patients (26 men and 31 women, mean age: 24 ± 10 years) were included. The pivot-shift test was performed prior to ACL reconstruction, while a quantitative evaluation using an electromagnetic system to determine tibial acceleration and a clinical grading according to the IKDC were performed. Meniscus injuries were diagnosed arthroscopically, and concomitant meniscus tear was confirmed in 32 knees.


The clinical grade was not different between the ACL-injured knees of patients with and without meniscus tear (n.s.). Tibial acceleration did not show a statistical significant difference (meniscus-injured knees: 1.6 ± 1.1 m/s2 versus meniscus-intact knees: 1.2 ± 0.7 m/s2, n.s.). However, the subgroup analysis demonstrated that there was increased tibial acceleration in ACL-deficient knees with lateral meniscus tear (2.1 ± 1.1 m/s2, n = 13) compared with meniscus-intact knees (p < 0.05), whereas rotational laxity did not increase in the medial meniscus-injured and bilateral-injured knees (1.2 ± 0.9 m/s2, n = 12, n.s. and 1.4 ± 1.1 m/s2, n = 7, n.s., respectively).


A concomitant meniscus tear, especially a lateral meniscus tear, has a significant impact on rotational laxity in ACL-injured knees. When a large pivot shift is observed in the ACL-injured knee, a concomitant meniscus tear should be suspected and an aggressive treatment would be considered. Meniscus injuries should be inspected carefully when substantial pivot shift is encountered in ACL-injured knees.

Level of evidence

Diagnostic study, Level III.

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