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01.12.2017 | Research Article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Geriatrics 1/2017

The development and preliminary psychometric properties of two positive psychology outcome measures for people with dementia: the PPOM and the EID-Q

Zeitschrift:
BMC Geriatrics > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Charlotte R. Stoner, Martin Orrell, Maria Long, Emese Csipke, Aimee Spector
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​s12877-017-0468-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Positive psychology research in dementia care has largely been confined to the qualitative literature because of the lack of robust outcome measures. The aim of this study was to develop positive psychology outcome measures for people with dementia.

Methods

Two measures were each developed in four stages. Firstly, literature reviews were conducted to identify and operationalise salient positive psychology themes in the qualitative literature and to examine existing measures of positive psychology. Secondly, themes were discussed within a qualitative study to add content validity for identified concepts (n = 17). Thirdly, draft measures were submitted to a panel of experts for feedback (n = 6). Finally, measures were used in a small-scale pilot study (n = 33) to establish psychometric properties.

Results

Salient positive psychology themes were identified as hope, resilience, a sense of independence and social engagement. Existing measures of hope and resilience were adapted to form the Positive Psychology Outcome Measure (PPOM). Due to the inter-relatedness of independence and engagement for people with dementia, 28 items were developed for a new scale of Engagement and Independence in Dementia Questionnaire (EID-Q) following extensive qualitative work. Both measures demonstrated acceptable internal consistency (α = .849 and α = .907 respectively) and convergent validity.

Conclusions

Two new positive psychology outcome measures were developed using a robust four-stage procedure. Preliminary psychometric data was adequate and the measures were easy to use, and acceptable for people with dementia.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: The Engagement and Independence in Dementia Questionnaire (EIDQ) and Positive Psychology Outcome Measure (PPOM). Description of Data: The EID-Q (26-item) and the PPOM (16-item). Both are answered on a 5-point Likert scale, with a timescale of the previous month. (DOCX 107 kb)
12877_2017_468_MOESM1_ESM.docx
Literatur
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