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05.02.2018 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 7/2018

Obesity Surgery 7/2018

The Effect of Obesity on Anti-Xa Concentrations in Bariatric Patients

Zeitschrift:
Obesity Surgery > Ausgabe 7/2018
Autoren:
W. Schijns, M. J. Deenen, E. O. Aarts, J. Homan, I. M. C. Janssen, F. J. Berends, K. A. H. Kaasjager

Abstract

Background

Morbidly obese patients are at increased risk to develop venous thromboembolism (VTE), especially after bariatric surgery. Adequate postoperative thrombosis prophylaxis is of utmost importance. It is assumed that morbidly obese patients need higher doses of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) compared to normal-weight patients; however, current guidelines based on relative efficacy in obese populations are lacking.

Objectives

First, we will evaluate the relationship between body weight descriptors and anti-Xa activity prospectively. Second, we will determine the dose-linearity of LMWH in morbidly obese patients.

Setting

This study was performed in a general hospital specialized in bariatric surgery.

Methods

Patients were scheduled for a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with a total bodyweight (TBW) of ≥ 140 kg. Patients (n = 50, 64% female) received a daily postoperative dose of 5700 IU of nadroparin for 4 weeks. Anti-Xa activity was determined 4 h after the last nadroparin administration. To determine the dose linearity, anti-Xa was determined following a preoperative dose of 2850 IU nadroparin in another 50 patients (52%).

Results

TBW of the complete group was 148.5 ± 12.6 kg. Mean anti-Xa activity following 5700 IU nadroparin was 0.19 ± 0.07 IU/mL. Of all patients, 32% had anti-Xa levels below the prophylactic range. Anti-Xa activity inversely correlated with TBW (correlation coefficient − 0.410) and lean body weight (LBW; correlation coefficient − 0.447); 67% of patients with a LBW ≥ 80 kg had insufficient anti-Xa activity concentrations. No VTE events occurred.

Conclusions

In morbidly obese patients, a postoperative dose of 5700 IU of nadroparin resulted in subprophylactic exposure in a significant proportion of patients. Especially in patients with LBW ≥ 80 kg, a higher dose may potentially be required to reach adequate prophylactic anti-Xa levels.

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