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29.04.2019

The Effect on Nausea and Vomiting of Structured Education Given to Male Lung Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Education
Autoren:
Yasemin Ince, Yasemin Yildirim Usta
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effect on nausea and vomiting of structured education given to male lung cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. This quasi-experimental research study had pre- and post-tests control groups. The estimated sample size was at least 20 subjects per group. Data were collected in the chest diseases clinic and outpatient chemotherapy unit of a university hospital in Turkey. An education booklet and structured education were given 30 mins for each patient before chemotherapy. In post-test 1, nausea severity was significantly lower in the experimental group than in the control group (mean difference − 2.50, 95% CI − 1.46 to − 0.17, d = 0.82, p = 0.05). This was also the case in post-test 2 (mean difference − 2.10, 95% CI − 1.50 to − 0.21, d = 0.85, p = 0.01). According to this, the sizes of Cohen’s d effect were large (0.82 and 0.85 for post-test 1 and post-test 2 respectively). However, vomiting frequency did not differ significantly between the experimental group and the control group in either post-test 1 or post-test 2 (p > 0.05). Structured education given by nurses had a positive effect on the severity of nausea. Nurses may be able to raise nausea management in cancer patients to a better level by education intervention.

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