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30.01.2019 | Clinical trial | Ausgabe 1/2019

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 1/2019

The effects of psychosexual counseling on sexual quality of life and function in Iranian breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial

Zeitschrift:
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment > Ausgabe 1/2019
Autoren:
Shakiba Fatehi, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Giti Atashsokhan, Azam Hamidzadeh, Ghasem Janbabaei, Seyed Mohammad Mirrezaie
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Abstract

Background

Considering different dimensions of life, special sex life for survivors of breast cancer (BC) is important because their life expectancy has increased.

Objective

We designed this study to improve the sexual function, satisfaction and quality of sexual life.

Methods

In a randomized controlled clinical trial study, from a total 286 breast cancer survivors (BCS), 118 women enrolled to the study. After providing informed consent, the participants were randomly assigned either to the intervention group or to the waitlist control group. The intervention consisted of six weekly psychosexual counseling sessions that lasted from 90 to 120 min. Data were collected by the demographic and clinical forms, Beck Depression Inventory, Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Larson Sexual Satisfaction Questionnaire and sexual quality of life-female (SQOL-F) questionnaire.

Results

Mean age of patients in control and intervention groups were 43.8 ± 6.6 and 44.84 ± 6.7, respectively. More than 65% of the patients in the both groups were either normal or showed a low level of depression. Sexual function (FSFI) scores and sexual quality of life (SQOL-F), showed a significant statistic differences after intervention (P < 0.001 in both tools). Sexual satisfaction (Larson) has showed improvement in some subclasses, however, change in total score was not statistically significant (P = 0.073).

Conclusions

The psychosexual intervention program was effective in improving sexual function and quality of sexual life among BCS. This intervention has clinical significance as it provided an opportunity for the women to discuss their sexual issues.

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