01.08.2020 | Ausgabe 2/2020
The efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture: an updated meta-analysis of 11 randomized controlled trials
Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
- Xianbin Yu, Jinwu Wang, Xingyu Wang, Linzhen Xie, Chunhui Chen, Wenhao Zheng
This meta-analysis was performed to investigate the efficacy and safety of tranexamic acid (TXA) in the elderly patients undergoing intertrochanteric fracture surgery from the current literatures. The electronic literature database of PubMed, Embase and Cochrane library were searched in October 2019. The intraoperative blood loss, hidden blood loss, postoperative drainage and total blood loss, postoperative hemoglobin, length of stay, transfusion rate, mortality rate, thromboembolic events and wound complications were extracted. Stata 14.0 software was used for our meta-analysis. A total of 11 RCTs (3 new RCTs in 2019) with 1202 patients met our inclusion criteria. This meta-analysis showed that administration of TXA can reduce intraoperative blood loss (P = 0.009), hidden blood loss (P = 0.000), total blood loss (P = 0.000), length of stay (P = 0.003), transfusion rate (P = 0.000) and the occurrence of wound complications (P = 0.006). Furthermore, administration of TXA was associated with an increase in the postoperative Hb level at day 1, 2 and 3 (P = 0.000, P = 0.000 and P = 0.000, respectively) after surgery. However, no significant difference was found between the TXA group and control group regarding the occurrence of thromboembolic events (P = 0.978, including deep vein thrombosis, P = 0.850; pulmonary embolism, P = 0.788; cerebrovascular accident, P = 0.549; myocardial infarction, P = 0.395) and mortality rate (P = 0. 338). Our meta-analysis suggested that administration of TXA is effective in reducing intraoperative blood loss, hidden blood loss, total blood loss, length of stay, transfusion rate, wound complications and enhancing postoperative Hb without increasing the risk of thromboembolic events and mortality rate in intertrochanteric fracture surgery. More large multi-center and high-quality RCTs are required for further research.