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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

International Journal of Implant Dentistry 1/2018

The efficacy of a porcine collagen matrix in keratinized tissue augmentation: a 5-year follow-up study

Zeitschrift:
International Journal of Implant Dentistry > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
C. Maiorana, L. Pivetti, F. Signorino, G. B. Grossi, A. S. Herford, M. Beretta

Abstract

Background

When keratinized tissue width around dental implants is poorly represented, the clinician could resort to autogenous soft tissue grafting. Autogenous soft tissue grafting procedures are usually associated with a certain degree of morbidity. Collagen matrices could be used as an alternative to reduce morbidity and intra-operatory times. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a xenogeneic collagen matrix as a substitute for soft tissue grafting around dental implants.

Methods

Fifteen consecutive patients underwent a vestibuloplasty and keratinized tissue reconstruction around dental implants, both in the mandible and the maxilla, with a porcine collagen matrix. The so obtained keratinized tissues were measured and evaluated after 6 months and 1, 4, and 5 years.

Results

The average gain of keratinized tissue was 5.7 mm. After 6 months, it was observed a resorption of 37%, after 1 year 48%, and after 5 years 59%. The mean gain of keratinized tissue after 5 years was 2.4 mm. Hemostatic effect and post-operative pain were evaluated too. All subjects referred minimal pain with no bleeding. No adverse reaction nor infection was noted.

Conclusions

The present study showed the efficacy of a porcine collagen matrix in keratinized tissue augmentation. The possibility to use a soft tissue substitute is a great achievement as morbidity decreases and bigger areas can be treated in a single surgery.
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